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Allometry and stilt root structure of the neotropical palm Euterpe precatoria (Arecaceae) across sites and successional stages.

Allometry and stilt root structure of the neotropical palm Euterpe precatoria (Arecaceae) across... The lack of secondary meristems shapes allometric relationships of the palms, influencing species segregation according to their capacity to adjust form and function to spatial and temporal changes in environmental conditions. We examined the stem height vs. diameter allometry of Euterpe precatoria across environmental gradients and measured how terrain inclination and palm size affected stilt root structure at two sites in Costa Rica. We dissected the root cone into eight variables and used principal component analysis to summarize their correlation structure. The fit of the stem diameter-height relationship to the stress, elastic, and geometric similarity models was examined using data from 438 palms. Terrain inclination did not affect stilt roots, whose structure was determined by palm size. Palms under 1 m showed geometric similarity, whereas palms above 1 m had slope values that were one and a half times higher, independent of successional stage, and did not adjust to any mechanical model. Taller palms departed from these models when they were large because they had stilt root support. We conclude that height in E. precatoria is constrained by structural support at the base and that diameter at the base of the stem and stilt roots balances height increments over all the size ranges examined. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png American journal of botany Pubmed

Allometry and stilt root structure of the neotropical palm Euterpe precatoria (Arecaceae) across sites and successional stages.

American journal of botany , Volume 97 (3): 7 – Oct 2, 2012

Allometry and stilt root structure of the neotropical palm Euterpe precatoria (Arecaceae) across sites and successional stages.


Abstract

The lack of secondary meristems shapes allometric relationships of the palms, influencing species segregation according to their capacity to adjust form and function to spatial and temporal changes in environmental conditions. We examined the stem height vs. diameter allometry of Euterpe precatoria across environmental gradients and measured how terrain inclination and palm size affected stilt root structure at two sites in Costa Rica. We dissected the root cone into eight variables and used principal component analysis to summarize their correlation structure. The fit of the stem diameter-height relationship to the stress, elastic, and geometric similarity models was examined using data from 438 palms. Terrain inclination did not affect stilt roots, whose structure was determined by palm size. Palms under 1 m showed geometric similarity, whereas palms above 1 m had slope values that were one and a half times higher, independent of successional stage, and did not adjust to any mechanical model. Taller palms departed from these models when they were large because they had stilt root support. We conclude that height in E. precatoria is constrained by structural support at the base and that diameter at the base of the stem and stilt roots balances height increments over all the size ranges examined.

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ISSN
0002-9122
DOI
10.3732/ajb.0900149
pmid
21622402

Abstract

The lack of secondary meristems shapes allometric relationships of the palms, influencing species segregation according to their capacity to adjust form and function to spatial and temporal changes in environmental conditions. We examined the stem height vs. diameter allometry of Euterpe precatoria across environmental gradients and measured how terrain inclination and palm size affected stilt root structure at two sites in Costa Rica. We dissected the root cone into eight variables and used principal component analysis to summarize their correlation structure. The fit of the stem diameter-height relationship to the stress, elastic, and geometric similarity models was examined using data from 438 palms. Terrain inclination did not affect stilt roots, whose structure was determined by palm size. Palms under 1 m showed geometric similarity, whereas palms above 1 m had slope values that were one and a half times higher, independent of successional stage, and did not adjust to any mechanical model. Taller palms departed from these models when they were large because they had stilt root support. We conclude that height in E. precatoria is constrained by structural support at the base and that diameter at the base of the stem and stilt roots balances height increments over all the size ranges examined.

Journal

American journal of botanyPubmed

Published: Oct 2, 2012

References