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Doxorubicin clearance in the obese.

Doxorubicin clearance in the obese. A study was carried out to examine the effect, if any, of obesity on doxorubicin pharmacokinetics. Body weight was found to be significantly related to doxorubicin clearance (r = -.75; P less than .001) and elimination half-life (r = .62; P = .003). Thus, the contribution of obesity on pharmacokinetics of antineoplastic agents should be taken into consideration in the analysis of clinical data with respect to toxicity and tumor response. Twenty-one patients were studied with their first course of doxorubicin (50 to 70 mg/m2) administered as a 60-minute intravenous (IV) infusion. Patients were divided into three groups on the basis of percentage of ideal body weight (IBW): normal (less than 115% IBW), mildly obese (115% to 130% IBW), and obese (greater than 130% IBW). Blood samples were collected up to 48 hours after the infusion and analyzed for doxorubicin and its metabolite, doxorubicinol, by high performance liquid chromatography. Doxorubicin area under the curve (AUC) was greater in obese than in normal patients (2,209 v 1,190 ng h/mL; P less than .05), yielding correspondingly reduced systemic clearance of the agent in obese patients (891 v 1,569 mL/min; P less than .001). The mean elimination half-life (T1/2) was 20.4 hours in the obese patients and 13.0 hours in the normal patients. The apparent volume of distribution (Vss) was not significantly different among the three groups of patients, indicating that the prolonged T1/2 in the obese patients is due to the reduction in clearance. The AUC and T1/2 of doxorubicinol were similar among all patient groups. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Pubmed

Doxorubicin clearance in the obese.

Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology , Volume 6 (8): -1313 – Sep 26, 1988

Doxorubicin clearance in the obese.


Abstract

A study was carried out to examine the effect, if any, of obesity on doxorubicin pharmacokinetics. Body weight was found to be significantly related to doxorubicin clearance (r = -.75; P less than .001) and elimination half-life (r = .62; P = .003). Thus, the contribution of obesity on pharmacokinetics of antineoplastic agents should be taken into consideration in the analysis of clinical data with respect to toxicity and tumor response. Twenty-one patients were studied with their first course of doxorubicin (50 to 70 mg/m2) administered as a 60-minute intravenous (IV) infusion. Patients were divided into three groups on the basis of percentage of ideal body weight (IBW): normal (less than 115% IBW), mildly obese (115% to 130% IBW), and obese (greater than 130% IBW). Blood samples were collected up to 48 hours after the infusion and analyzed for doxorubicin and its metabolite, doxorubicinol, by high performance liquid chromatography. Doxorubicin area under the curve (AUC) was greater in obese than in normal patients (2,209 v 1,190 ng h/mL; P less than .05), yielding correspondingly reduced systemic clearance of the agent in obese patients (891 v 1,569 mL/min; P less than .001). The mean elimination half-life (T1/2) was 20.4 hours in the obese patients and 13.0 hours in the normal patients. The apparent volume of distribution (Vss) was not significantly different among the three groups of patients, indicating that the prolonged T1/2 in the obese patients is due to the reduction in clearance. The AUC and T1/2 of doxorubicinol were similar among all patient groups.

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ISSN
0732-183X
DOI
10.1200/JCO.1988.6.8.1321
pmid
3411343

Abstract

A study was carried out to examine the effect, if any, of obesity on doxorubicin pharmacokinetics. Body weight was found to be significantly related to doxorubicin clearance (r = -.75; P less than .001) and elimination half-life (r = .62; P = .003). Thus, the contribution of obesity on pharmacokinetics of antineoplastic agents should be taken into consideration in the analysis of clinical data with respect to toxicity and tumor response. Twenty-one patients were studied with their first course of doxorubicin (50 to 70 mg/m2) administered as a 60-minute intravenous (IV) infusion. Patients were divided into three groups on the basis of percentage of ideal body weight (IBW): normal (less than 115% IBW), mildly obese (115% to 130% IBW), and obese (greater than 130% IBW). Blood samples were collected up to 48 hours after the infusion and analyzed for doxorubicin and its metabolite, doxorubicinol, by high performance liquid chromatography. Doxorubicin area under the curve (AUC) was greater in obese than in normal patients (2,209 v 1,190 ng h/mL; P less than .05), yielding correspondingly reduced systemic clearance of the agent in obese patients (891 v 1,569 mL/min; P less than .001). The mean elimination half-life (T1/2) was 20.4 hours in the obese patients and 13.0 hours in the normal patients. The apparent volume of distribution (Vss) was not significantly different among the three groups of patients, indicating that the prolonged T1/2 in the obese patients is due to the reduction in clearance. The AUC and T1/2 of doxorubicinol were similar among all patient groups.

Journal

Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical OncologyPubmed

Published: Sep 26, 1988

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