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Effects of spaceflight and recovery on rat humeri and vertebrae: histological and cell culture studies.

Effects of spaceflight and recovery on rat humeri and vertebrae: histological and cell culture... Skeletal changes associated with spaceflight in the rat have been well documented, but few data are available on bone tissue and bone cell metabolism after subsequent on-Earth recovery. We therefore investigated the effects of microgravity and subsequent recovery on trabecular bone morphology and cellular activities in rat humeri and thoracic vertebrae and compared histomorphometric parameters in caudal vertebrae with the behavior of vertebral osteoblastic cells in culture. We report here that humeral weight showed normal growth during the experiment but was unaffected by spaceflight or recovery from spaceflight. However, the 14-day spaceflight resulted in inhibition of static indexes of bone formation in humeral proximal metaphyses and thoracic vertebral bodies. This was associated with a decrease in bone volume in humeral metaphyses. After 14 days of on-Earth recovery, osteoblastic and osteoid surfaces returned toward normal and bone volume was normalized in humeri, whereas the static bone formation parameters were not restored in thoracic vertebrae. In addition, histological indexes of bone formation and osteoblastic cell growth in vitro were not affected by spaceflight in caudal vertebrae. This study shows that rat humeri and thoracic and caudal vertebrae exhibit different patterns of response to spaceflight and subsequent on-Earth recovery, which could be due, at least in part, to the different loading pattern of these bones, and also to differences in bone turnover rate. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) Pubmed

Effects of spaceflight and recovery on rat humeri and vertebrae: histological and cell culture studies.

Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985) , Volume 81 (1): 8 – Dec 18, 1996

Effects of spaceflight and recovery on rat humeri and vertebrae: histological and cell culture studies.


Abstract

Skeletal changes associated with spaceflight in the rat have been well documented, but few data are available on bone tissue and bone cell metabolism after subsequent on-Earth recovery. We therefore investigated the effects of microgravity and subsequent recovery on trabecular bone morphology and cellular activities in rat humeri and thoracic vertebrae and compared histomorphometric parameters in caudal vertebrae with the behavior of vertebral osteoblastic cells in culture. We report here that humeral weight showed normal growth during the experiment but was unaffected by spaceflight or recovery from spaceflight. However, the 14-day spaceflight resulted in inhibition of static indexes of bone formation in humeral proximal metaphyses and thoracic vertebral bodies. This was associated with a decrease in bone volume in humeral metaphyses. After 14 days of on-Earth recovery, osteoblastic and osteoid surfaces returned toward normal and bone volume was normalized in humeri, whereas the static bone formation parameters were not restored in thoracic vertebrae. In addition, histological indexes of bone formation and osteoblastic cell growth in vitro were not affected by spaceflight in caudal vertebrae. This study shows that rat humeri and thoracic and caudal vertebrae exhibit different patterns of response to spaceflight and subsequent on-Earth recovery, which could be due, at least in part, to the different loading pattern of these bones, and also to differences in bone turnover rate.

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ISSN
8750-7587
DOI
10.1152/jappl.1996.81.1.164
pmid
8828659

Abstract

Skeletal changes associated with spaceflight in the rat have been well documented, but few data are available on bone tissue and bone cell metabolism after subsequent on-Earth recovery. We therefore investigated the effects of microgravity and subsequent recovery on trabecular bone morphology and cellular activities in rat humeri and thoracic vertebrae and compared histomorphometric parameters in caudal vertebrae with the behavior of vertebral osteoblastic cells in culture. We report here that humeral weight showed normal growth during the experiment but was unaffected by spaceflight or recovery from spaceflight. However, the 14-day spaceflight resulted in inhibition of static indexes of bone formation in humeral proximal metaphyses and thoracic vertebral bodies. This was associated with a decrease in bone volume in humeral metaphyses. After 14 days of on-Earth recovery, osteoblastic and osteoid surfaces returned toward normal and bone volume was normalized in humeri, whereas the static bone formation parameters were not restored in thoracic vertebrae. In addition, histological indexes of bone formation and osteoblastic cell growth in vitro were not affected by spaceflight in caudal vertebrae. This study shows that rat humeri and thoracic and caudal vertebrae exhibit different patterns of response to spaceflight and subsequent on-Earth recovery, which could be due, at least in part, to the different loading pattern of these bones, and also to differences in bone turnover rate.

Journal

Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)Pubmed

Published: Dec 18, 1996

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