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Efficient removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution with Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires.

Efficient removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution with Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires. The batch removal of Cr(VI) from simulated wastewater with Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires (FCSNs) was investigated in this study. Itwas found that each gram of the FCSNs could remove 7.78 mg of Cr(VI) from simulated wastewater containing 8.0 mg L(-1) of Cr(VI) with an initial pH of 6.5 at room temperature. The Freundlich adsorption isotherm was applicable to describe the removal processes. Kinetics of the Cr(VI) removal was found to follow pseudo-second-order rate equation. Furthermore, the as-prepared and Cr(VI)-adsorbed FCSNs were carefully examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis (XPS). The characterization results suggested that the adsorbed Cr(VI) was partially reduced to Cr(lll) in Cr2O3/Cr(OH)3 on the FCSNs. The possible mechanism of removal of Cr(VI) on FCSNs was proposed, which involved the dominant Cr(VI) adsorption, followed by the partial reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) (chromium(III) oxyhydroides) on the surface of FCSNs. These Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires with high specific surface area and strong magnetic property are very attractive for the removal of Cr(VI) from wastewater. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science & Technology Pubmed

Efficient removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution with Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires.

Environmental Science & Technology , Volume 42 (18): -6894 – Jan 6, 2009

Efficient removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solution with Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires.


Abstract

The batch removal of Cr(VI) from simulated wastewater with Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires (FCSNs) was investigated in this study. Itwas found that each gram of the FCSNs could remove 7.78 mg of Cr(VI) from simulated wastewater containing 8.0 mg L(-1) of Cr(VI) with an initial pH of 6.5 at room temperature. The Freundlich adsorption isotherm was applicable to describe the removal processes. Kinetics of the Cr(VI) removal was found to follow pseudo-second-order rate equation. Furthermore, the as-prepared and Cr(VI)-adsorbed FCSNs were carefully examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis (XPS). The characterization results suggested that the adsorbed Cr(VI) was partially reduced to Cr(lll) in Cr2O3/Cr(OH)3 on the FCSNs. The possible mechanism of removal of Cr(VI) on FCSNs was proposed, which involved the dominant Cr(VI) adsorption, followed by the partial reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) (chromium(III) oxyhydroides) on the surface of FCSNs. These Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires with high specific surface area and strong magnetic property are very attractive for the removal of Cr(VI) from wastewater.

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ISSN
0013-936X
DOI
10.1021/es800962m
pmid
18853815

Abstract

The batch removal of Cr(VI) from simulated wastewater with Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires (FCSNs) was investigated in this study. Itwas found that each gram of the FCSNs could remove 7.78 mg of Cr(VI) from simulated wastewater containing 8.0 mg L(-1) of Cr(VI) with an initial pH of 6.5 at room temperature. The Freundlich adsorption isotherm was applicable to describe the removal processes. Kinetics of the Cr(VI) removal was found to follow pseudo-second-order rate equation. Furthermore, the as-prepared and Cr(VI)-adsorbed FCSNs were carefully examined by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDX), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analysis (XPS). The characterization results suggested that the adsorbed Cr(VI) was partially reduced to Cr(lll) in Cr2O3/Cr(OH)3 on the FCSNs. The possible mechanism of removal of Cr(VI) on FCSNs was proposed, which involved the dominant Cr(VI) adsorption, followed by the partial reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) (chromium(III) oxyhydroides) on the surface of FCSNs. These Fe@Fe2O3 core-shell nanowires with high specific surface area and strong magnetic property are very attractive for the removal of Cr(VI) from wastewater.

Journal

Environmental Science & TechnologyPubmed

Published: Jan 6, 2009

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