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Eosinophil-enriched inflammatory response to schistosomula in the skin of mice immune to Schistosoma mansoni.

Eosinophil-enriched inflammatory response to schistosomula in the skin of mice immune to... Exposure of the mouse skin to Schistosoma mansoni cercariae gives rise to acute, exudative inflammation in both normal and immune mice, but the immune response is anamnestically accelerated and is oesinophil-enriched, thereby enhancing opportunities for tegumental contact of schistosomula with host leukocytes, particularly with eosinophils. Many of the inflammatory changes occurring within the first 48 hours after exposure are due to cercarial products, e.g., "penetration tracts," but some remain demonstrable when schistosomula metamorphosed in vitro are injected intradermally and are therefore directed against the schistosomula themselves, such as the leukocyte "streaming patterns" seen in their pathways. In contrast to earlier observations in primates, cellular responses to schistosomula in the mouse lung 4 days after penetration are minimal in either normal or immune mice. Thus, immune cellular responses to schistosomula in mice are limited to an early time period after cercarial penetration and are morphologically suggestive of an antibody-mediated response rather than of delayed hypersensitivity. Our observations complement earlier evidence suggesting that antibody-mediated host leukocyte contact with schistosomula initiates the killing of challenge parasites in immune mice, with the eosinophil probably playing a crucial role. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The American journal of pathology Pubmed

Eosinophil-enriched inflammatory response to schistosomula in the skin of mice immune to Schistosoma mansoni.

The American journal of pathology , Volume 84 (3): 22 – Oct 29, 1976

Eosinophil-enriched inflammatory response to schistosomula in the skin of mice immune to Schistosoma mansoni.


Abstract

Exposure of the mouse skin to Schistosoma mansoni cercariae gives rise to acute, exudative inflammation in both normal and immune mice, but the immune response is anamnestically accelerated and is oesinophil-enriched, thereby enhancing opportunities for tegumental contact of schistosomula with host leukocytes, particularly with eosinophils. Many of the inflammatory changes occurring within the first 48 hours after exposure are due to cercarial products, e.g., "penetration tracts," but some remain demonstrable when schistosomula metamorphosed in vitro are injected intradermally and are therefore directed against the schistosomula themselves, such as the leukocyte "streaming patterns" seen in their pathways. In contrast to earlier observations in primates, cellular responses to schistosomula in the mouse lung 4 days after penetration are minimal in either normal or immune mice. Thus, immune cellular responses to schistosomula in mice are limited to an early time period after cercarial penetration and are morphologically suggestive of an antibody-mediated response rather than of delayed hypersensitivity. Our observations complement earlier evidence suggesting that antibody-mediated host leukocyte contact with schistosomula initiates the killing of challenge parasites in immune mice, with the eosinophil probably playing a crucial role.

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ISSN
0002-9440
pmid
961823

Abstract

Exposure of the mouse skin to Schistosoma mansoni cercariae gives rise to acute, exudative inflammation in both normal and immune mice, but the immune response is anamnestically accelerated and is oesinophil-enriched, thereby enhancing opportunities for tegumental contact of schistosomula with host leukocytes, particularly with eosinophils. Many of the inflammatory changes occurring within the first 48 hours after exposure are due to cercarial products, e.g., "penetration tracts," but some remain demonstrable when schistosomula metamorphosed in vitro are injected intradermally and are therefore directed against the schistosomula themselves, such as the leukocyte "streaming patterns" seen in their pathways. In contrast to earlier observations in primates, cellular responses to schistosomula in the mouse lung 4 days after penetration are minimal in either normal or immune mice. Thus, immune cellular responses to schistosomula in mice are limited to an early time period after cercarial penetration and are morphologically suggestive of an antibody-mediated response rather than of delayed hypersensitivity. Our observations complement earlier evidence suggesting that antibody-mediated host leukocyte contact with schistosomula initiates the killing of challenge parasites in immune mice, with the eosinophil probably playing a crucial role.

Journal

The American journal of pathologyPubmed

Published: Oct 29, 1976

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