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Factors affecting the yield of oxidants from the reaction of nanoparticulate zero-valent iron and oxygen.

Factors affecting the yield of oxidants from the reaction of nanoparticulate zero-valent iron and... The corrosion of zero-valent iron (Fe0(s)) by oxygen (O2) can lead to the oxidation of organic compounds. To gain insight into the reaction mechanism and to assess the nature of the oxidant, the oxidation of methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, and benzoic acid by the reaction of nanoparticulate zero-valent iron (nZVI) or ferrous iron (Fe[II]) with O2 in the absence of ligands was studied. At pH values below 5, Fe0(s) nanoparticles were oxidized by O2 within 30 min with a stoichiometry of approximately two Fe0(s) oxidized per O2 consumed. The yield of methanol and ethanol oxidation products increased from 1% at acidic pH to 6% at pH 7, relative to nZVI added. Product yields from 2-propanol and benzoic acid were highest under acidic conditions, with little oxidation observed at neutral pH. At pH values below 5, product formation was attributable to hydroxyl radical (OH.) production through the Fenton reaction, involving hydrogen peroxide and Fe(II) produced during nZVI oxidation. At higher pH values, the oxidation of Fe(II), the initial product of nZVI oxidation, by oxygen is responsible for most of the oxidant production. Product yields at circumneutral pH values were consistent with a different oxidant, such as the ferryl ion (Fe[IV]). http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science & Technology Pubmed

Factors affecting the yield of oxidants from the reaction of nanoparticulate zero-valent iron and oxygen.

Environmental Science & Technology , Volume 42 (4): -1254 – Jun 3, 2008

Factors affecting the yield of oxidants from the reaction of nanoparticulate zero-valent iron and oxygen.


Abstract

The corrosion of zero-valent iron (Fe0(s)) by oxygen (O2) can lead to the oxidation of organic compounds. To gain insight into the reaction mechanism and to assess the nature of the oxidant, the oxidation of methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, and benzoic acid by the reaction of nanoparticulate zero-valent iron (nZVI) or ferrous iron (Fe[II]) with O2 in the absence of ligands was studied. At pH values below 5, Fe0(s) nanoparticles were oxidized by O2 within 30 min with a stoichiometry of approximately two Fe0(s) oxidized per O2 consumed. The yield of methanol and ethanol oxidation products increased from 1% at acidic pH to 6% at pH 7, relative to nZVI added. Product yields from 2-propanol and benzoic acid were highest under acidic conditions, with little oxidation observed at neutral pH. At pH values below 5, product formation was attributable to hydroxyl radical (OH.) production through the Fenton reaction, involving hydrogen peroxide and Fe(II) produced during nZVI oxidation. At higher pH values, the oxidation of Fe(II), the initial product of nZVI oxidation, by oxygen is responsible for most of the oxidant production. Product yields at circumneutral pH values were consistent with a different oxidant, such as the ferryl ion (Fe[IV]).

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ISSN
0013-936X
DOI
10.1021/es7025664
pmid
18351103

Abstract

The corrosion of zero-valent iron (Fe0(s)) by oxygen (O2) can lead to the oxidation of organic compounds. To gain insight into the reaction mechanism and to assess the nature of the oxidant, the oxidation of methanol, ethanol, 2-propanol, and benzoic acid by the reaction of nanoparticulate zero-valent iron (nZVI) or ferrous iron (Fe[II]) with O2 in the absence of ligands was studied. At pH values below 5, Fe0(s) nanoparticles were oxidized by O2 within 30 min with a stoichiometry of approximately two Fe0(s) oxidized per O2 consumed. The yield of methanol and ethanol oxidation products increased from 1% at acidic pH to 6% at pH 7, relative to nZVI added. Product yields from 2-propanol and benzoic acid were highest under acidic conditions, with little oxidation observed at neutral pH. At pH values below 5, product formation was attributable to hydroxyl radical (OH.) production through the Fenton reaction, involving hydrogen peroxide and Fe(II) produced during nZVI oxidation. At higher pH values, the oxidation of Fe(II), the initial product of nZVI oxidation, by oxygen is responsible for most of the oxidant production. Product yields at circumneutral pH values were consistent with a different oxidant, such as the ferryl ion (Fe[IV]).

Journal

Environmental Science & TechnologyPubmed

Published: Jun 3, 2008

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