Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Long-term follow-up of patients with hairy cell leukemia after cladribine treatment.

Long-term follow-up of patients with hairy cell leukemia after cladribine treatment. Hairy cell leukemia is a chronic B-cell disorder that follows an indolent, but progressive course. Cladribine (2-chlorodeoxyadenosine) induces complete remissions in the majority of patients after a single course. We report the long-term outcomes, including response rates and their duration; time-to-treatment failure (TTF) rates; retreatment results; toxicities; and survival rates of patients treated at Scripps Clinic (La Jolla, CA). A total of 358 patients with hairy cell leukemia were treated with cladribine at 0.087 or 0.1 mg/kg body weight per day by continuous intravenous infusion for 7 days. The expected number of second neoplasms was based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results data. Of 349 evaluable patients, 319 (91%) achieved an initial complete response and 22 (7%) a partial response with an overall median duration of response follow-up of 52 months. Ninety patients (26%) had relapsed at a median of 29 months. The TTF rate for all 341 responders was 19% at 48 months, 16% for complete responders, and 54% for partial responders. Of 53 evaluable patients treated with second courses of cladribine at first relapse, 33 (62%) achieved complete responses and 14 (26%) partial responses. Twenty-seven patients (8%) developed second neoplasms (only 1 hematopoietic) with an observed-to-expected ratio of 1.88 (95% confidence interval, 1.24 to 2.74). The overall survival rate was 96% at 48 months. Single courses of cladribine induced long-lasting complete responses in the vast majority of patients. Relapse rates for complete responders were low. Patients who relapse can be successfully retreated with cladribine. Cladribine has high efficacy and a favorable acute and long-term toxicity profile when administered to patients with hairy cell leukemia. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Blood Pubmed

Long-term follow-up of patients with hairy cell leukemia after cladribine treatment.

Blood , Volume 92 (6): -1891 – Oct 6, 1998

Long-term follow-up of patients with hairy cell leukemia after cladribine treatment.


Abstract

Hairy cell leukemia is a chronic B-cell disorder that follows an indolent, but progressive course. Cladribine (2-chlorodeoxyadenosine) induces complete remissions in the majority of patients after a single course. We report the long-term outcomes, including response rates and their duration; time-to-treatment failure (TTF) rates; retreatment results; toxicities; and survival rates of patients treated at Scripps Clinic (La Jolla, CA). A total of 358 patients with hairy cell leukemia were treated with cladribine at 0.087 or 0.1 mg/kg body weight per day by continuous intravenous infusion for 7 days. The expected number of second neoplasms was based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results data. Of 349 evaluable patients, 319 (91%) achieved an initial complete response and 22 (7%) a partial response with an overall median duration of response follow-up of 52 months. Ninety patients (26%) had relapsed at a median of 29 months. The TTF rate for all 341 responders was 19% at 48 months, 16% for complete responders, and 54% for partial responders. Of 53 evaluable patients treated with second courses of cladribine at first relapse, 33 (62%) achieved complete responses and 14 (26%) partial responses. Twenty-seven patients (8%) developed second neoplasms (only 1 hematopoietic) with an observed-to-expected ratio of 1.88 (95% confidence interval, 1.24 to 2.74). The overall survival rate was 96% at 48 months. Single courses of cladribine induced long-lasting complete responses in the vast majority of patients. Relapse rates for complete responders were low. Patients who relapse can be successfully retreated with cladribine. Cladribine has high efficacy and a favorable acute and long-term toxicity profile when administered to patients with hairy cell leukemia.

Loading next page...
 
/lp/pubmed/long-term-follow-up-of-patients-with-hairy-cell-leukemia-after-sAsGF0cRFG

References

References for this paper are not available at this time. We will be adding them shortly, thank you for your patience.

Copyright
Copyright 1998 by The American Society of Hematology.
ISSN
0006-4971
pmid
9731048

Abstract

Hairy cell leukemia is a chronic B-cell disorder that follows an indolent, but progressive course. Cladribine (2-chlorodeoxyadenosine) induces complete remissions in the majority of patients after a single course. We report the long-term outcomes, including response rates and their duration; time-to-treatment failure (TTF) rates; retreatment results; toxicities; and survival rates of patients treated at Scripps Clinic (La Jolla, CA). A total of 358 patients with hairy cell leukemia were treated with cladribine at 0.087 or 0.1 mg/kg body weight per day by continuous intravenous infusion for 7 days. The expected number of second neoplasms was based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results data. Of 349 evaluable patients, 319 (91%) achieved an initial complete response and 22 (7%) a partial response with an overall median duration of response follow-up of 52 months. Ninety patients (26%) had relapsed at a median of 29 months. The TTF rate for all 341 responders was 19% at 48 months, 16% for complete responders, and 54% for partial responders. Of 53 evaluable patients treated with second courses of cladribine at first relapse, 33 (62%) achieved complete responses and 14 (26%) partial responses. Twenty-seven patients (8%) developed second neoplasms (only 1 hematopoietic) with an observed-to-expected ratio of 1.88 (95% confidence interval, 1.24 to 2.74). The overall survival rate was 96% at 48 months. Single courses of cladribine induced long-lasting complete responses in the vast majority of patients. Relapse rates for complete responders were low. Patients who relapse can be successfully retreated with cladribine. Cladribine has high efficacy and a favorable acute and long-term toxicity profile when administered to patients with hairy cell leukemia.

Journal

BloodPubmed

Published: Oct 6, 1998

There are no references for this article.