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Mitogenic signaling by ATP/P2Y purinergic receptors in astrocytes: involvement of a calcium-independent protein kinase C, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase pathway distinct from the phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C/calcium pathway.

Mitogenic signaling by ATP/P2Y purinergic receptors in astrocytes: involvement of a... Activation of ATP/P2Y purinergic receptors stimulates proliferation of astrocytes, but the mitogenic signaling pathway linked to these G-protein-coupled receptors is unknown. We have investigated the role of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) in P2Y receptor-stimulated mitogenic signaling as well as the pathway that couples P2Y receptors to ERK. Downregulation of protein kinase C (PKC) in primary cultures of rat cerebral cortical astrocytes greatly reduced the ability of extracellular ATP to stimulate ERK. Because occupancy of P2Y receptors also leads to inositol phosphate formation, calcium mobilization, and PKC activation, we explored the possibility that signaling from P2Y receptors to ERK is mediated by a phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC)/calcium pathway. However, neither inhibition of PI-PLC nor chelation of calcium significantly reduced ATP-stimulated ERK activity. Moreover, a preferential inhibitor of calcium-dependent PKC isoforms, Gö 6976, was significantly less effective in blocking ATP-stimulated ERK activity than GF102903X, an inhibitor of both calcium-dependent and -independent PKC isoforms. Furthermore, ATP stimulated a rapid translocation of PKCdelta, a calcium-independent PKC isoform, but not PKCgamma, a calcium-dependent PKC isoform. ATP also stimulated a rapid increase in choline, and inhibition of phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis blocked ATP-evoked ERK activation. These results indicate that P2Y receptors in astrocytes are coupled independently to PI-PLC/calcium and ERK pathways and suggest that signaling from P2Y receptors to ERK involves a calcium-independent PKC isoform and hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine by phospholipase D. In addition, we found that inhibition of ERK activation blocked extracellular ATP-stimulated DNA synthesis, thereby indicating that the ERK pathway mediates mitogenic signaling by P2Y receptors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience Pubmed

Mitogenic signaling by ATP/P2Y purinergic receptors in astrocytes: involvement of a calcium-independent protein kinase C, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase pathway distinct from the phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C/calcium pathway.

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience , Volume 19 (11): -4190 – Jun 16, 1999

Mitogenic signaling by ATP/P2Y purinergic receptors in astrocytes: involvement of a calcium-independent protein kinase C, extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase pathway distinct from the phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C/calcium pathway.


Abstract

Activation of ATP/P2Y purinergic receptors stimulates proliferation of astrocytes, but the mitogenic signaling pathway linked to these G-protein-coupled receptors is unknown. We have investigated the role of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) in P2Y receptor-stimulated mitogenic signaling as well as the pathway that couples P2Y receptors to ERK. Downregulation of protein kinase C (PKC) in primary cultures of rat cerebral cortical astrocytes greatly reduced the ability of extracellular ATP to stimulate ERK. Because occupancy of P2Y receptors also leads to inositol phosphate formation, calcium mobilization, and PKC activation, we explored the possibility that signaling from P2Y receptors to ERK is mediated by a phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC)/calcium pathway. However, neither inhibition of PI-PLC nor chelation of calcium significantly reduced ATP-stimulated ERK activity. Moreover, a preferential inhibitor of calcium-dependent PKC isoforms, Gö 6976, was significantly less effective in blocking ATP-stimulated ERK activity than GF102903X, an inhibitor of both calcium-dependent and -independent PKC isoforms. Furthermore, ATP stimulated a rapid translocation of PKCdelta, a calcium-independent PKC isoform, but not PKCgamma, a calcium-dependent PKC isoform. ATP also stimulated a rapid increase in choline, and inhibition of phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis blocked ATP-evoked ERK activation. These results indicate that P2Y receptors in astrocytes are coupled independently to PI-PLC/calcium and ERK pathways and suggest that signaling from P2Y receptors to ERK involves a calcium-independent PKC isoform and hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine by phospholipase D. In addition, we found that inhibition of ERK activation blocked extracellular ATP-stimulated DNA synthesis, thereby indicating that the ERK pathway mediates mitogenic signaling by P2Y receptors.

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pmid
10341225

Abstract

Activation of ATP/P2Y purinergic receptors stimulates proliferation of astrocytes, but the mitogenic signaling pathway linked to these G-protein-coupled receptors is unknown. We have investigated the role of extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase (ERK) in P2Y receptor-stimulated mitogenic signaling as well as the pathway that couples P2Y receptors to ERK. Downregulation of protein kinase C (PKC) in primary cultures of rat cerebral cortical astrocytes greatly reduced the ability of extracellular ATP to stimulate ERK. Because occupancy of P2Y receptors also leads to inositol phosphate formation, calcium mobilization, and PKC activation, we explored the possibility that signaling from P2Y receptors to ERK is mediated by a phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC)/calcium pathway. However, neither inhibition of PI-PLC nor chelation of calcium significantly reduced ATP-stimulated ERK activity. Moreover, a preferential inhibitor of calcium-dependent PKC isoforms, Gö 6976, was significantly less effective in blocking ATP-stimulated ERK activity than GF102903X, an inhibitor of both calcium-dependent and -independent PKC isoforms. Furthermore, ATP stimulated a rapid translocation of PKCdelta, a calcium-independent PKC isoform, but not PKCgamma, a calcium-dependent PKC isoform. ATP also stimulated a rapid increase in choline, and inhibition of phosphatidylcholine hydrolysis blocked ATP-evoked ERK activation. These results indicate that P2Y receptors in astrocytes are coupled independently to PI-PLC/calcium and ERK pathways and suggest that signaling from P2Y receptors to ERK involves a calcium-independent PKC isoform and hydrolysis of phosphatidylcholine by phospholipase D. In addition, we found that inhibition of ERK activation blocked extracellular ATP-stimulated DNA synthesis, thereby indicating that the ERK pathway mediates mitogenic signaling by P2Y receptors.

Journal

The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for NeurosciencePubmed

Published: Jun 16, 1999

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