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Prognostic groups for management of localized Hodgkin's disease.

Prognostic groups for management of localized Hodgkin's disease. Two hundred fifty-two patients receiving radical irradiation for clinical stages I and II Hodgkin's disease between 1968 to 1977 had an actuarial ten-year survival rate of 78% and a relapse-free rate of 61%. Sixty-seven patients receiving chemotherapy followed by radiation had a 78% survival rate and a 63% relapse-free rate. Independent prognostic factors for survival and relapse were age, stage, and histology. Disease bulk was predictive only of relapse. Neither site of presentation above or below the diaphragm nor presence of mediastinal involvement was predictive for survival or relapse; however, patients with large mediastinal masses (greater than or equal to 10 cm absolute diameter) had a significantly higher intrathoracic failure rate with conventional mantle irradiation. Analysis of failure, according to age, clinical stage, and histologic type, showed three groups of patients defined according to the risk of relapse with radiation therapy: those with isolated upper cervical stage IA disease (group 1, relapse rate 8%), younger patients with localized stages I and II disease of favorable histologic type (group 2, relapse rate 35%), and older patients with extensive or symptomatic stages I and II disease of less favorable histologic type (group 3, relapse rate 70%). Subsequent analysis of radiation treatment volume indicates that the use of upper abdominal irradiation for patients in group No. 2 could yield results equivalent to those achieved with radiation therapy for surgically staged patients. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology Pubmed

Prognostic groups for management of localized Hodgkin's disease.

Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology , Volume 3 (3): 9 – Apr 19, 1985

Prognostic groups for management of localized Hodgkin's disease.


Abstract

Two hundred fifty-two patients receiving radical irradiation for clinical stages I and II Hodgkin's disease between 1968 to 1977 had an actuarial ten-year survival rate of 78% and a relapse-free rate of 61%. Sixty-seven patients receiving chemotherapy followed by radiation had a 78% survival rate and a 63% relapse-free rate. Independent prognostic factors for survival and relapse were age, stage, and histology. Disease bulk was predictive only of relapse. Neither site of presentation above or below the diaphragm nor presence of mediastinal involvement was predictive for survival or relapse; however, patients with large mediastinal masses (greater than or equal to 10 cm absolute diameter) had a significantly higher intrathoracic failure rate with conventional mantle irradiation. Analysis of failure, according to age, clinical stage, and histologic type, showed three groups of patients defined according to the risk of relapse with radiation therapy: those with isolated upper cervical stage IA disease (group 1, relapse rate 8%), younger patients with localized stages I and II disease of favorable histologic type (group 2, relapse rate 35%), and older patients with extensive or symptomatic stages I and II disease of less favorable histologic type (group 3, relapse rate 70%). Subsequent analysis of radiation treatment volume indicates that the use of upper abdominal irradiation for patients in group No. 2 could yield results equivalent to those achieved with radiation therapy for surgically staged patients.

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ISSN
0732-183X
DOI
10.1200/JCO.1985.3.3.393
pmid
3973650

Abstract

Two hundred fifty-two patients receiving radical irradiation for clinical stages I and II Hodgkin's disease between 1968 to 1977 had an actuarial ten-year survival rate of 78% and a relapse-free rate of 61%. Sixty-seven patients receiving chemotherapy followed by radiation had a 78% survival rate and a 63% relapse-free rate. Independent prognostic factors for survival and relapse were age, stage, and histology. Disease bulk was predictive only of relapse. Neither site of presentation above or below the diaphragm nor presence of mediastinal involvement was predictive for survival or relapse; however, patients with large mediastinal masses (greater than or equal to 10 cm absolute diameter) had a significantly higher intrathoracic failure rate with conventional mantle irradiation. Analysis of failure, according to age, clinical stage, and histologic type, showed three groups of patients defined according to the risk of relapse with radiation therapy: those with isolated upper cervical stage IA disease (group 1, relapse rate 8%), younger patients with localized stages I and II disease of favorable histologic type (group 2, relapse rate 35%), and older patients with extensive or symptomatic stages I and II disease of less favorable histologic type (group 3, relapse rate 70%). Subsequent analysis of radiation treatment volume indicates that the use of upper abdominal irradiation for patients in group No. 2 could yield results equivalent to those achieved with radiation therapy for surgically staged patients.

Journal

Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical OncologyPubmed

Published: Apr 19, 1985

There are no references for this article.