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Role of immunosuppressive therapy in refractory sprue-like disease.

Role of immunosuppressive therapy in refractory sprue-like disease. Patients with malabsorption and histological findings consistent with celiac disease, who are unresponsive to gluten free diet, and in whom other causes of flat mucosa have been excluded, are considered to suffer from so called unclassified or refractory sprue. Although the true nature of this condition needs to be further elucidated, it is known to represent a difficult therapeutical problem with potentially fatal course. Herein, we report a patient with refractory sprue-like disease who after failing to respond to corticosteroids and TPN was in a critical condition. He responded promptly to cyclosporine and made a remarkable recovery. In contrast to previous reports, the cyclosporine treatment in this patient was pursued only for 1 month, whereupon the patient turned responsive to steroids. Subsequent treatment with azathioprine allowed corticosteroids to be reduced to a low maintenance dose and eventually all drugs could be discontinued without reappearance of symptoms. Cyclosporine therapy might be lifesaving in occasional patients with refractory sprue-like disease and it may result in reversal of steroid resistance. Moreover, azathioprine seems to have a steroid sparing effect in this setting. Short term immunosuppressive treatment may have an advantage of lower risk for drug related side effects. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The American journal of gastroenterology Pubmed

Role of immunosuppressive therapy in refractory sprue-like disease.

The American journal of gastroenterology , Volume 94 (1): 7 – Feb 18, 1999

Role of immunosuppressive therapy in refractory sprue-like disease.


Abstract

Patients with malabsorption and histological findings consistent with celiac disease, who are unresponsive to gluten free diet, and in whom other causes of flat mucosa have been excluded, are considered to suffer from so called unclassified or refractory sprue. Although the true nature of this condition needs to be further elucidated, it is known to represent a difficult therapeutical problem with potentially fatal course. Herein, we report a patient with refractory sprue-like disease who after failing to respond to corticosteroids and TPN was in a critical condition. He responded promptly to cyclosporine and made a remarkable recovery. In contrast to previous reports, the cyclosporine treatment in this patient was pursued only for 1 month, whereupon the patient turned responsive to steroids. Subsequent treatment with azathioprine allowed corticosteroids to be reduced to a low maintenance dose and eventually all drugs could be discontinued without reappearance of symptoms. Cyclosporine therapy might be lifesaving in occasional patients with refractory sprue-like disease and it may result in reversal of steroid resistance. Moreover, azathioprine seems to have a steroid sparing effect in this setting. Short term immunosuppressive treatment may have an advantage of lower risk for drug related side effects.

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ISSN
0002-9270
DOI
10.1111/j.1572-0241.1999.00799.x
pmid
9934759

Abstract

Patients with malabsorption and histological findings consistent with celiac disease, who are unresponsive to gluten free diet, and in whom other causes of flat mucosa have been excluded, are considered to suffer from so called unclassified or refractory sprue. Although the true nature of this condition needs to be further elucidated, it is known to represent a difficult therapeutical problem with potentially fatal course. Herein, we report a patient with refractory sprue-like disease who after failing to respond to corticosteroids and TPN was in a critical condition. He responded promptly to cyclosporine and made a remarkable recovery. In contrast to previous reports, the cyclosporine treatment in this patient was pursued only for 1 month, whereupon the patient turned responsive to steroids. Subsequent treatment with azathioprine allowed corticosteroids to be reduced to a low maintenance dose and eventually all drugs could be discontinued without reappearance of symptoms. Cyclosporine therapy might be lifesaving in occasional patients with refractory sprue-like disease and it may result in reversal of steroid resistance. Moreover, azathioprine seems to have a steroid sparing effect in this setting. Short term immunosuppressive treatment may have an advantage of lower risk for drug related side effects.

Journal

The American journal of gastroenterologyPubmed

Published: Feb 18, 1999

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