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TBBPA and Its Alternatives Disturb the Early Stages of Neural Development by Interfering with the NOTCH and WNT Pathways.

TBBPA and Its Alternatives Disturb the Early Stages of Neural Development by Interfering with the... Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), as well as its alternatives Tetrabromobisphenol S (TBBPS) and Tetrachlorobisphenol A (TCBPA), are widely used halogenated flame retardants. Their high detection rates in human breast milk and umbilical cord serum have raised wide concerns about their adverse effects on human fetal development. In this study, we evaluated the cytotoxicity and neural developmental toxicity of TBBPA, TBBPS, and TCBPA with a mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) system, at human body fluid and environmental relevant doses. All the three compounds showed similar trends in their cytotoxic effects. However, while TBBPA and TBBPS stimulated ESC neural differentiation, TCBPA significantly inhibited neurogenesis. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that, as far as the NOTCH (positive regulator) and WNT (negative regulator) pathways were concerned, TBBPA only partially and slightly disturbed them, whereas TBBPS significantly inhibited the WNT pathway, and TCBPA down-regulated the expression of NOTCH effectors but increased the WNT signaling, actions which both inhibited neural specification. In conclusion, our findings suggest that TBBPS and TCBPA may not be safe alternatives to TBBPA, and their toxicity need to be comprehensively evaluated. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Environmental Science & Technology Pubmed

TBBPA and Its Alternatives Disturb the Early Stages of Neural Development by Interfering with the NOTCH and WNT Pathways.

Environmental Science & Technology , Volume 52 (9): 10 – Sep 17, 2019

TBBPA and Its Alternatives Disturb the Early Stages of Neural Development by Interfering with the NOTCH and WNT Pathways.


Abstract

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), as well as its alternatives Tetrabromobisphenol S (TBBPS) and Tetrachlorobisphenol A (TCBPA), are widely used halogenated flame retardants. Their high detection rates in human breast milk and umbilical cord serum have raised wide concerns about their adverse effects on human fetal development. In this study, we evaluated the cytotoxicity and neural developmental toxicity of TBBPA, TBBPS, and TCBPA with a mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) system, at human body fluid and environmental relevant doses. All the three compounds showed similar trends in their cytotoxic effects. However, while TBBPA and TBBPS stimulated ESC neural differentiation, TCBPA significantly inhibited neurogenesis. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that, as far as the NOTCH (positive regulator) and WNT (negative regulator) pathways were concerned, TBBPA only partially and slightly disturbed them, whereas TBBPS significantly inhibited the WNT pathway, and TCBPA down-regulated the expression of NOTCH effectors but increased the WNT signaling, actions which both inhibited neural specification. In conclusion, our findings suggest that TBBPS and TCBPA may not be safe alternatives to TBBPA, and their toxicity need to be comprehensively evaluated.

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ISSN
0013-936X
DOI
10.1021/acs.est.8b00414
pmid
29608295

Abstract

Tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), as well as its alternatives Tetrabromobisphenol S (TBBPS) and Tetrachlorobisphenol A (TCBPA), are widely used halogenated flame retardants. Their high detection rates in human breast milk and umbilical cord serum have raised wide concerns about their adverse effects on human fetal development. In this study, we evaluated the cytotoxicity and neural developmental toxicity of TBBPA, TBBPS, and TCBPA with a mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) system, at human body fluid and environmental relevant doses. All the three compounds showed similar trends in their cytotoxic effects. However, while TBBPA and TBBPS stimulated ESC neural differentiation, TCBPA significantly inhibited neurogenesis. Mechanistically, we demonstrated that, as far as the NOTCH (positive regulator) and WNT (negative regulator) pathways were concerned, TBBPA only partially and slightly disturbed them, whereas TBBPS significantly inhibited the WNT pathway, and TCBPA down-regulated the expression of NOTCH effectors but increased the WNT signaling, actions which both inhibited neural specification. In conclusion, our findings suggest that TBBPS and TCBPA may not be safe alternatives to TBBPA, and their toxicity need to be comprehensively evaluated.

Journal

Environmental Science & TechnologyPubmed

Published: Sep 17, 2019

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