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Telomerase activity is induced in human peripheral B lymphocytes by the stimulation to antigen receptor.

Telomerase activity is induced in human peripheral B lymphocytes by the stimulation to antigen... To understand the molecular events for the proliferation of B cells, we studied the induction of telomerase activity in vitro after stimulation to B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) on human peripheral B cells. Although unstimulated purified B cells of tonsils and peripheral blood from healthy volunteers do not express detectable telomerase activity, anti-IgM beads induce telomerase activity in these B cells. Soluble anti-IgM antibody (Ab) alone does not induce telomerase activity, but the second signal, given by either one of the cytokines of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, and IL-13 or by anti-CD40 monoclonal Ab (MoAb), is effective as the costimulation for the induction of the activity. Stimulation with anti-IgM Ab and anti-CD40 MoAb induces telomerase activity in most mature B cells of the tonsils and peripheral blood. The stimuli to both IgM and IgD receptors similarly induce the activity. Induction of telomerase activity is accompanied with the proliferation of B cells, but is not absolutely correlated with the extent of B-cell growth. Phorbol dibutylate (PDB) plus calcium (Ca) ionophore (PDB/Ca), which replace the activation through BCR and the costimulatory molecules, also induce telomerase activity. Moreover, it is suggested that phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase plays a role for the induction of telomerase activity in B cells stimulated with anti-IgM Ab and anti-CD40 MoAb. These results suggest that telomerase activity is induced in the B-cell activation of the antigen specific immune response. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Blood Pubmed

Telomerase activity is induced in human peripheral B lymphocytes by the stimulation to antigen receptor.

Blood , Volume 89 (4): 9 – Mar 17, 1997

Telomerase activity is induced in human peripheral B lymphocytes by the stimulation to antigen receptor.


Abstract

To understand the molecular events for the proliferation of B cells, we studied the induction of telomerase activity in vitro after stimulation to B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) on human peripheral B cells. Although unstimulated purified B cells of tonsils and peripheral blood from healthy volunteers do not express detectable telomerase activity, anti-IgM beads induce telomerase activity in these B cells. Soluble anti-IgM antibody (Ab) alone does not induce telomerase activity, but the second signal, given by either one of the cytokines of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, and IL-13 or by anti-CD40 monoclonal Ab (MoAb), is effective as the costimulation for the induction of the activity. Stimulation with anti-IgM Ab and anti-CD40 MoAb induces telomerase activity in most mature B cells of the tonsils and peripheral blood. The stimuli to both IgM and IgD receptors similarly induce the activity. Induction of telomerase activity is accompanied with the proliferation of B cells, but is not absolutely correlated with the extent of B-cell growth. Phorbol dibutylate (PDB) plus calcium (Ca) ionophore (PDB/Ca), which replace the activation through BCR and the costimulatory molecules, also induce telomerase activity. Moreover, it is suggested that phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase plays a role for the induction of telomerase activity in B cells stimulated with anti-IgM Ab and anti-CD40 MoAb. These results suggest that telomerase activity is induced in the B-cell activation of the antigen specific immune response.

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ISSN
0006-4971
pmid
9028953

Abstract

To understand the molecular events for the proliferation of B cells, we studied the induction of telomerase activity in vitro after stimulation to B-cell antigen receptor (BCR) on human peripheral B cells. Although unstimulated purified B cells of tonsils and peripheral blood from healthy volunteers do not express detectable telomerase activity, anti-IgM beads induce telomerase activity in these B cells. Soluble anti-IgM antibody (Ab) alone does not induce telomerase activity, but the second signal, given by either one of the cytokines of interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-4, and IL-13 or by anti-CD40 monoclonal Ab (MoAb), is effective as the costimulation for the induction of the activity. Stimulation with anti-IgM Ab and anti-CD40 MoAb induces telomerase activity in most mature B cells of the tonsils and peripheral blood. The stimuli to both IgM and IgD receptors similarly induce the activity. Induction of telomerase activity is accompanied with the proliferation of B cells, but is not absolutely correlated with the extent of B-cell growth. Phorbol dibutylate (PDB) plus calcium (Ca) ionophore (PDB/Ca), which replace the activation through BCR and the costimulatory molecules, also induce telomerase activity. Moreover, it is suggested that phosphoinositide (PI) 3-kinase plays a role for the induction of telomerase activity in B cells stimulated with anti-IgM Ab and anti-CD40 MoAb. These results suggest that telomerase activity is induced in the B-cell activation of the antigen specific immune response.

Journal

BloodPubmed

Published: Mar 17, 1997

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