Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

The differences in intestinal viscosity produced by barley and beta-glucanase alter digesta enzyme activities and ileal nutrient digestibilities more in broiler chicks than in cocks.

The differences in intestinal viscosity produced by barley and beta-glucanase alter digesta... The objectives of this study were to determine whether intestinal viscosity caused by mixed linked barley beta-glucan depresses ileal nutrient digestibility and digestive enzyme activities and to determine the interaction of intestinal viscosity, digestive enzyme activities and ileal nutrient digestibility in different ages of poultry. In Experiments 1 and 2, 1-d-old broiler chicks and 1-y-old cocks, respectively, were fed diets with 60% corn, low and high viscosity barley with or without beta-glucanase, for 3 wk. A 3 x 2 factorial design was used. Comparisons were made only within the same age group. In Experiment 3, 1-d-old broiler chicks were fed high viscosity barley with and without beta-glucanase to measure fecal nutrient and ileal and fecal amino acid digestibility. Broiler chicks fed barley ate less and gained less weight than those fed corn; added beta-glucanase resulted in increases in both food consumption and weight gain for the barley-fed chicks (P < 0.05). Relative pancreas weight was higher (P < 0.05) in chicks fed barley than in those fed corn, and lower with beta-glucanase (P < 0.05). Digesta from barley-fed birds had the highest viscosities, which were decreased (P < 0.05) by beta-glucanase. Amylase and lipase were lower in broiler chicks fed high viscosity barley compared with corn (P < 0.05), and beta-glucanase increased both activities and that of trypsin as well (P < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of nutrition Pubmed

The differences in intestinal viscosity produced by barley and beta-glucanase alter digesta enzyme activities and ileal nutrient digestibilities more in broiler chicks than in cocks.

The Journal of nutrition , Volume 125 (4): 9 – May 23, 1995

The differences in intestinal viscosity produced by barley and beta-glucanase alter digesta enzyme activities and ileal nutrient digestibilities more in broiler chicks than in cocks.


Abstract

The objectives of this study were to determine whether intestinal viscosity caused by mixed linked barley beta-glucan depresses ileal nutrient digestibility and digestive enzyme activities and to determine the interaction of intestinal viscosity, digestive enzyme activities and ileal nutrient digestibility in different ages of poultry. In Experiments 1 and 2, 1-d-old broiler chicks and 1-y-old cocks, respectively, were fed diets with 60% corn, low and high viscosity barley with or without beta-glucanase, for 3 wk. A 3 x 2 factorial design was used. Comparisons were made only within the same age group. In Experiment 3, 1-d-old broiler chicks were fed high viscosity barley with and without beta-glucanase to measure fecal nutrient and ileal and fecal amino acid digestibility. Broiler chicks fed barley ate less and gained less weight than those fed corn; added beta-glucanase resulted in increases in both food consumption and weight gain for the barley-fed chicks (P < 0.05). Relative pancreas weight was higher (P < 0.05) in chicks fed barley than in those fed corn, and lower with beta-glucanase (P < 0.05). Digesta from barley-fed birds had the highest viscosities, which were decreased (P < 0.05) by beta-glucanase. Amylase and lipase were lower in broiler chicks fed high viscosity barley compared with corn (P < 0.05), and beta-glucanase increased both activities and that of trypsin as well (P < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Loading next page...
 
/lp/pubmed/the-differences-in-intestinal-viscosity-produced-by-barley-and-beta-MeXXBAibl0

References

References for this paper are not available at this time. We will be adding them shortly, thank you for your patience.

ISSN
0022-3166
DOI
10.1093/jn/125.4.947
pmid
7536829

Abstract

The objectives of this study were to determine whether intestinal viscosity caused by mixed linked barley beta-glucan depresses ileal nutrient digestibility and digestive enzyme activities and to determine the interaction of intestinal viscosity, digestive enzyme activities and ileal nutrient digestibility in different ages of poultry. In Experiments 1 and 2, 1-d-old broiler chicks and 1-y-old cocks, respectively, were fed diets with 60% corn, low and high viscosity barley with or without beta-glucanase, for 3 wk. A 3 x 2 factorial design was used. Comparisons were made only within the same age group. In Experiment 3, 1-d-old broiler chicks were fed high viscosity barley with and without beta-glucanase to measure fecal nutrient and ileal and fecal amino acid digestibility. Broiler chicks fed barley ate less and gained less weight than those fed corn; added beta-glucanase resulted in increases in both food consumption and weight gain for the barley-fed chicks (P < 0.05). Relative pancreas weight was higher (P < 0.05) in chicks fed barley than in those fed corn, and lower with beta-glucanase (P < 0.05). Digesta from barley-fed birds had the highest viscosities, which were decreased (P < 0.05) by beta-glucanase. Amylase and lipase were lower in broiler chicks fed high viscosity barley compared with corn (P < 0.05), and beta-glucanase increased both activities and that of trypsin as well (P < 0.05).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Journal

The Journal of nutritionPubmed

Published: May 23, 1995

There are no references for this article.