Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 controls blood pressure by regulating nitric oxide synthase expression.

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 controls blood pressure by regulating nitric oxide... Drugs and antibodies that interrupt vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathways improve outcomes in patients with a variety of cancers by inhibiting tumor angiogenesis. A major adverse effect of these treatments is hypertension, suggesting a critical role for VEGF in blood pressure (BP) regulation. However, the physiological mechanisms underlying the control of BP by VEGF are unclear. To address this question, we administered a specific antibody against the major VEGF receptor, VEGFR2, to normal mice and assessed the consequences on BP. Compared with vehicle-treated controls, administration of the anti-VEGFR2 antibody caused a rapid and sustained increase in BP of approximately 10 mm Hg. This increase in BP was associated with a significant reduction in renin mRNA expression in the kidney (P=0.019) and in urinary excretion of aldosterone (P<0.05). Treatment with the anti-VEGFR2 antibody also caused a marked reduction in the expression of endothelial and neuronal NO synthases in the kidney. To examine the role of NO in the hypertension caused by blocking VEGFR2, mice were treated with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (20 mg/kg per day), an inhibitor of NO production. L-NAME administration abolished the difference in BP between the vehicle- and anti-VEGFR2-treated groups. Our data suggest that VEGF, acting via VEGFR2, plays a critical role in BP control by promoting NO synthase expression and NO activity. Interfering with this pathway is likely to be one mechanism underlying hypertension caused by antiangiogenic agents targeting VEGF. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Hypertension Pubmed

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 controls blood pressure by regulating nitric oxide synthase expression.

Hypertension , Volume 54 (3): -643 – Sep 18, 2009

Vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 controls blood pressure by regulating nitric oxide synthase expression.


Abstract

Drugs and antibodies that interrupt vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathways improve outcomes in patients with a variety of cancers by inhibiting tumor angiogenesis. A major adverse effect of these treatments is hypertension, suggesting a critical role for VEGF in blood pressure (BP) regulation. However, the physiological mechanisms underlying the control of BP by VEGF are unclear. To address this question, we administered a specific antibody against the major VEGF receptor, VEGFR2, to normal mice and assessed the consequences on BP. Compared with vehicle-treated controls, administration of the anti-VEGFR2 antibody caused a rapid and sustained increase in BP of approximately 10 mm Hg. This increase in BP was associated with a significant reduction in renin mRNA expression in the kidney (P=0.019) and in urinary excretion of aldosterone (P<0.05). Treatment with the anti-VEGFR2 antibody also caused a marked reduction in the expression of endothelial and neuronal NO synthases in the kidney. To examine the role of NO in the hypertension caused by blocking VEGFR2, mice were treated with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (20 mg/kg per day), an inhibitor of NO production. L-NAME administration abolished the difference in BP between the vehicle- and anti-VEGFR2-treated groups. Our data suggest that VEGF, acting via VEGFR2, plays a critical role in BP control by promoting NO synthase expression and NO activity. Interfering with this pathway is likely to be one mechanism underlying hypertension caused by antiangiogenic agents targeting VEGF.

Loading next page...
 
/lp/pubmed/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-receptor-2-controls-blood-pressure-K6AAnP6lzL

References

References for this paper are not available at this time. We will be adding them shortly, thank you for your patience.

ISSN
0194-911X
eISSN
1524-4563
DOI
10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.109.129973
pmid
19652084
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Drugs and antibodies that interrupt vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling pathways improve outcomes in patients with a variety of cancers by inhibiting tumor angiogenesis. A major adverse effect of these treatments is hypertension, suggesting a critical role for VEGF in blood pressure (BP) regulation. However, the physiological mechanisms underlying the control of BP by VEGF are unclear. To address this question, we administered a specific antibody against the major VEGF receptor, VEGFR2, to normal mice and assessed the consequences on BP. Compared with vehicle-treated controls, administration of the anti-VEGFR2 antibody caused a rapid and sustained increase in BP of approximately 10 mm Hg. This increase in BP was associated with a significant reduction in renin mRNA expression in the kidney (P=0.019) and in urinary excretion of aldosterone (P<0.05). Treatment with the anti-VEGFR2 antibody also caused a marked reduction in the expression of endothelial and neuronal NO synthases in the kidney. To examine the role of NO in the hypertension caused by blocking VEGFR2, mice were treated with N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (20 mg/kg per day), an inhibitor of NO production. L-NAME administration abolished the difference in BP between the vehicle- and anti-VEGFR2-treated groups. Our data suggest that VEGF, acting via VEGFR2, plays a critical role in BP control by promoting NO synthase expression and NO activity. Interfering with this pathway is likely to be one mechanism underlying hypertension caused by antiangiogenic agents targeting VEGF.

Journal

HypertensionPubmed

Published: Sep 18, 2009

There are no references for this article.