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Meta-Analysis of MR Imaging in the Diagnosis of Breast Lesions1

Meta-Analysis of MR Imaging in the Diagnosis of Breast Lesions1 Purpose: To determine, in a meta-analysis, the diagnostic performance of contrast material–enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with breast lesions. Materials and Methods: Studies to assess the diagnostic performance of MR imaging in patients suspected of having breast cancer who underwent MR imaging and biopsy from January 1985 through March 2005 were reviewed for inclusion. A summary receiver operating characteristic curve was constructed, and pooled weighted estimates of sensitivity and specificity were calculated by using the recently developed bivariate approach for diagnostic meta-analysis. Results: Of 251 eligible studies, 44 were included in the meta-analysis (sample size range, 14–821; cancer prevalence, 23%–84%). Pooled weighted estimates of sensitivity and specificity were 0.90 (95% confidence interval: 0.88, 0.92) and 0.72 (95% confidence interval: 0.67, 0.77), respectively. The performance of breast MR imaging was influenced by the prevalence of cancer in the studied population ( P = .05) and by whether two criteria (ie, morphology, enhancement, and kinetic enhancement pattern)—versus one or three criteria—were used to differentiate benign from malignant lesions ( P = .02). Conclusion: MR imaging of the breast has high sensitivity and lower specificity in the evaluation of breast lesions. Supplemental material: http://radiology.rsnajnls.org/cgi/content/full/2461061298/DC1 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Radiology Radiological Society of North America, Inc.

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Publisher
Radiological Society of North America, Inc.
Copyright
Copyright © 2008 by Radiological Society of North America
ISSN
1527-1315
eISSN
0033-8419
DOI
10.1148/radiol.2461061298
pmid
18024435
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose: To determine, in a meta-analysis, the diagnostic performance of contrast material–enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in patients with breast lesions. Materials and Methods: Studies to assess the diagnostic performance of MR imaging in patients suspected of having breast cancer who underwent MR imaging and biopsy from January 1985 through March 2005 were reviewed for inclusion. A summary receiver operating characteristic curve was constructed, and pooled weighted estimates of sensitivity and specificity were calculated by using the recently developed bivariate approach for diagnostic meta-analysis. Results: Of 251 eligible studies, 44 were included in the meta-analysis (sample size range, 14–821; cancer prevalence, 23%–84%). Pooled weighted estimates of sensitivity and specificity were 0.90 (95% confidence interval: 0.88, 0.92) and 0.72 (95% confidence interval: 0.67, 0.77), respectively. The performance of breast MR imaging was influenced by the prevalence of cancer in the studied population ( P = .05) and by whether two criteria (ie, morphology, enhancement, and kinetic enhancement pattern)—versus one or three criteria—were used to differentiate benign from malignant lesions ( P = .02). Conclusion: MR imaging of the breast has high sensitivity and lower specificity in the evaluation of breast lesions. Supplemental material: http://radiology.rsnajnls.org/cgi/content/full/2461061298/DC1

Journal

RadiologyRadiological Society of North America, Inc.

Published: Jan 1, 2008

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