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15d-Prostaglandin J2 Activates Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-γ, Promotes Expression of Catalase, and Reduces Inflammation, Behavioral Dysfunction, and Neuronal Loss after Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Rats:

15d-Prostaglandin J2 Activates Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-γ, Promotes Expression... Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of various gene products that are essential in lipid and glucose metabolism, as well as that of the peroxisome-enriched antioxidant enzyme, catalase. Activation of PPARγ is linked to anti-inflammatory activities and is beneficial for cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about its role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). 15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) acts as a physiologic agonist for PPARγ. In this study, we found that injection of 15d-PGJ2 into the locus of striatal hematoma increased PPARγ-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) binding activity and the expression of catalase messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein in the perihemorrhagic area. Additionally, 15d-PGJ2 significantly reduced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and prevented neutrophil infiltration measured by myeloperoxidase (MPO) immunoassay, and also reduced cell apoptosis measured by terminal deoxynucleotide transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL). In addition, 15d-PGJ2 reduced behavioral dysfunction produced by the ICH. Altogether, our findings indicate that injection of 15d-PGJ2 at the onset of ICH is associated with activation of PPARγ and elevation of catalase expression, suppression of NF-κB activity, and restricted neutrophil infiltration. All these events predicted reduced behavioral deficit and neuronal damage. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism SAGE

15d-Prostaglandin J2 Activates Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor-γ, Promotes Expression of Catalase, and Reduces Inflammation, Behavioral Dysfunction, and Neuronal Loss after Intracerebral Hemorrhage in Rats:

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References (80)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © 2022 by International Society for Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
ISSN
0271-678X
eISSN
1559-7016
DOI
10.1038/sj.jcbfm.9600233
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) is a transcription factor that regulates the expression of various gene products that are essential in lipid and glucose metabolism, as well as that of the peroxisome-enriched antioxidant enzyme, catalase. Activation of PPARγ is linked to anti-inflammatory activities and is beneficial for cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about its role in intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). 15-Deoxy-Δ12,14-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) acts as a physiologic agonist for PPARγ. In this study, we found that injection of 15d-PGJ2 into the locus of striatal hematoma increased PPARγ-deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) binding activity and the expression of catalase messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) and protein in the perihemorrhagic area. Additionally, 15d-PGJ2 significantly reduced nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and prevented neutrophil infiltration measured by myeloperoxidase (MPO) immunoassay, and also reduced cell apoptosis measured by terminal deoxynucleotide transferase dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL). In addition, 15d-PGJ2 reduced behavioral dysfunction produced by the ICH. Altogether, our findings indicate that injection of 15d-PGJ2 at the onset of ICH is associated with activation of PPARγ and elevation of catalase expression, suppression of NF-κB activity, and restricted neutrophil infiltration. All these events predicted reduced behavioral deficit and neuronal damage.

Journal

Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & MetabolismSAGE

Published: Oct 5, 2005

Keywords: catalase; 15-deoxy-Δ12; 14-prostaglandin J2; intracerebral hemorrhage; neuroprotection; NF-κB; PPARγ

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