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Highway versus Urban Roads

Highway versus Urban Roads In this study, the differences in travel time variability patterns between urban roads and highways were analyzed. For urban roads, a GPS data set that included all taxi trips in New York City was used. For highways, automatic vehicle location data from the New Jersey Turnpike were used. The turnpike was divided into two sections, urban and suburban highway, according to urbanization level, time-of-day demands, and physical roadway features. The analysis not only compared travel time patterns for highways and urban roads but also investigated travel time characteristics along the same highway facility. First, the temporal variations of travel times on both facility types were calculated and compared. Second, the travel time distributions were extracted for various time periods and compared visually to determine the distributional patterns. Finally, the relationship between the average travel time and variability was investigated. Not only did travel time patterns differ between urban roads and highways, but major differences in travel time characteristics could be observed along the same highway. Higher travel times corresponded to lower reliability on highways yet corresponded to higher reliability on urban roads. Overall, the findings suggest that attributing differences in travel time variability patterns to facility type may be an oversimplification of the phenomenon. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Transportation Research Record SAGE

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References (38)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© 2014 National Academy of Sciences
ISSN
0361-1981
eISSN
2169-4052
DOI
10.3141/2442-07
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

In this study, the differences in travel time variability patterns between urban roads and highways were analyzed. For urban roads, a GPS data set that included all taxi trips in New York City was used. For highways, automatic vehicle location data from the New Jersey Turnpike were used. The turnpike was divided into two sections, urban and suburban highway, according to urbanization level, time-of-day demands, and physical roadway features. The analysis not only compared travel time patterns for highways and urban roads but also investigated travel time characteristics along the same highway facility. First, the temporal variations of travel times on both facility types were calculated and compared. Second, the travel time distributions were extracted for various time periods and compared visually to determine the distributional patterns. Finally, the relationship between the average travel time and variability was investigated. Not only did travel time patterns differ between urban roads and highways, but major differences in travel time characteristics could be observed along the same highway. Higher travel times corresponded to lower reliability on highways yet corresponded to higher reliability on urban roads. Overall, the findings suggest that attributing differences in travel time variability patterns to facility type may be an oversimplification of the phenomenon.

Journal

Transportation Research RecordSAGE

Published: Jan 1, 2014

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