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Labor Market Assimilation of Immigrant Women

Labor Market Assimilation of Immigrant Women Using 1970, 1980, and 1990 U.S. census data, the author examines the life-cycle patterns of immigrant women's labor force participation. He finds that the cross-sectional approach that has been used in all previous studies leads to a substantial over-estimate of the degree to which immigrant women's assimilation increases their labor force participation. The effect of assimilation found by using the cohort approach, however (which acknowledges the possibility that patterns of labor force participation partly reflect the year of immigration), is still sizable. The effect is concentrated within the first 10 years after arrival. There are substantial differences in participation and assimilation by country of birth. Immigrants from Japan, Korea, and China are found to have experienced the greatest degree of assimilation, with an effect that raises the probability of working by 20 percentage points during the first 10 years after arriving in the United States. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png ILR Review SAGE

Labor Market Assimilation of Immigrant Women

ILR Review , Volume 51 (3): 22 – Apr 1, 1998

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References (30)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© 1998 Cornell University
ISSN
0019-7939
eISSN
2162-271X
DOI
10.1177/001979399805100307
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Using 1970, 1980, and 1990 U.S. census data, the author examines the life-cycle patterns of immigrant women's labor force participation. He finds that the cross-sectional approach that has been used in all previous studies leads to a substantial over-estimate of the degree to which immigrant women's assimilation increases their labor force participation. The effect of assimilation found by using the cohort approach, however (which acknowledges the possibility that patterns of labor force participation partly reflect the year of immigration), is still sizable. The effect is concentrated within the first 10 years after arrival. There are substantial differences in participation and assimilation by country of birth. Immigrants from Japan, Korea, and China are found to have experienced the greatest degree of assimilation, with an effect that raises the probability of working by 20 percentage points during the first 10 years after arriving in the United States.

Journal

ILR ReviewSAGE

Published: Apr 1, 1998

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