Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Subscribe now for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Profiles in Driver Distraction: Effects of Cell Phone Conversations on Younger and Older Drivers

Profiles in Driver Distraction: Effects of Cell Phone Conversations on Younger and Older Drivers Our research examined the effects of hands-free cell phone conversations on simulated driving. We found that driving performance of both younger and older adults was influenced by cell phone conversations. Compared with single-task (i.e., driving-only) conditions, when drivers used cell phones their reactions were 18% slower, their following distance was 12% greater, and they took 17% longer to recover the speed that was lost following braking. There was also a twofold increase in the number of rear-end collisions when drivers were conversing on a cell phone. These cell-phone-induced effects were equivalent for younger and older adults, suggesting that older adults do not suffer a significantly greater penalty for talking on a cell phone while driving than compared with their younger counterparts. Interestingly, the net effect of having younger drivers converse on a cell phone was to make their average reactions equivalent to those of older drivers who were not using a cell phone. Actual or potential applications of this research include providing guidance for recommendations and regulations concerning the use of mobile technology while driving. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Human Factors SAGE

Profiles in Driver Distraction: Effects of Cell Phone Conversations on Younger and Older Drivers

Human Factors , Volume 46 (4): 10 – Dec 1, 2004

Loading next page...
 
/lp/sage/profiles-in-driver-distraction-effects-of-cell-phone-conversations-on-JR8xtX7iU4

References (24)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
Copyright © by SAGE Publications
ISSN
0018-7208
eISSN
1547-8181
DOI
10.1518/hfes.46.4.640.56806
pmid
15709326
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Our research examined the effects of hands-free cell phone conversations on simulated driving. We found that driving performance of both younger and older adults was influenced by cell phone conversations. Compared with single-task (i.e., driving-only) conditions, when drivers used cell phones their reactions were 18% slower, their following distance was 12% greater, and they took 17% longer to recover the speed that was lost following braking. There was also a twofold increase in the number of rear-end collisions when drivers were conversing on a cell phone. These cell-phone-induced effects were equivalent for younger and older adults, suggesting that older adults do not suffer a significantly greater penalty for talking on a cell phone while driving than compared with their younger counterparts. Interestingly, the net effect of having younger drivers converse on a cell phone was to make their average reactions equivalent to those of older drivers who were not using a cell phone. Actual or potential applications of this research include providing guidance for recommendations and regulations concerning the use of mobile technology while driving.

Journal

Human FactorsSAGE

Published: Dec 1, 2004

There are no references for this article.