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Russia’s Views on and Initial Responses to the 2021 Strategic Retake of Afghanistan by the Taliban

Russia’s Views on and Initial Responses to the 2021 Strategic Retake of Afghanistan by the Taliban The Taliban’s return to power in Afghanistan in mid-2021 did not take the Russian authorities by surprise. For over 20 years, Moscow was observing the strategic rise of the fundamentalist militant movement with concern, which was largely triggered by domestic security considerations as well as potential challenges to security and stability across the former Soviet Central Asia. But since the reestablishment of the Taliban’s rule in Kabul, Moscow’s approach underwent a gradual change, from being negative and alarmist to more cautiously pragmatic. This article will review the evolution of Russia’s perceptions of the Taliban, highlight Moscow’s principal concerns, identify the initial set of response measures following the country’s take over in 2021 and entertain several scenarios of the Kremlin’s future approaches vis-à-vis the new rulers in Kabul. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Asian Security and International Affairs SAGE

Russia’s Views on and Initial Responses to the 2021 Strategic Retake of Afghanistan by the Taliban

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Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© 2022 SAGE Publications
ISSN
2347-7970
eISSN
2349-0039
DOI
10.1177/23477970221129904
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Taliban’s return to power in Afghanistan in mid-2021 did not take the Russian authorities by surprise. For over 20 years, Moscow was observing the strategic rise of the fundamentalist militant movement with concern, which was largely triggered by domestic security considerations as well as potential challenges to security and stability across the former Soviet Central Asia. But since the reestablishment of the Taliban’s rule in Kabul, Moscow’s approach underwent a gradual change, from being negative and alarmist to more cautiously pragmatic. This article will review the evolution of Russia’s perceptions of the Taliban, highlight Moscow’s principal concerns, identify the initial set of response measures following the country’s take over in 2021 and entertain several scenarios of the Kremlin’s future approaches vis-à-vis the new rulers in Kabul.

Journal

Journal of Asian Security and International AffairsSAGE

Published: Jan 1, 2022

Keywords: Russia; Afghanistan; Taliban; former Soviet Central Asia (FSCA); Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO); regional security

References