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Sentencing Outcomes in U.S. District Courts

Sentencing Outcomes in U.S. District Courts Numerous studies have examined the influence of offender characteristics on sentencing outcomes, yet little attention has been afforded to offenders’ educational attainment. The focal concerns theory provides reason to suspect that greater educational attainment may insulate offenders from the effects of criminal stereotypes linked to extralegal factors, including race/ethnicity, age, and sex. The current analysis employs a sample of 115,674 federal offenders to test this assumption on the in/out and sentence length decisions. Results of the in/out models demonstrate a general pattern where the effects of several extralegal factors (i.e., race, ethnicity, age, sex, and detention) are reduced, and in some cases fully moderated, by offenders’ educational attainment. This pattern, however, is not apparent during the sentence length decision. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Crime & Delinquency SAGE

Sentencing Outcomes in U.S. District Courts

Crime & Delinquency , Volume 63 (2): 29 – Feb 1, 2017

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References (58)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2015
ISSN
0011-1287
eISSN
1552-387X
DOI
10.1177/0011128715570627
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Numerous studies have examined the influence of offender characteristics on sentencing outcomes, yet little attention has been afforded to offenders’ educational attainment. The focal concerns theory provides reason to suspect that greater educational attainment may insulate offenders from the effects of criminal stereotypes linked to extralegal factors, including race/ethnicity, age, and sex. The current analysis employs a sample of 115,674 federal offenders to test this assumption on the in/out and sentence length decisions. Results of the in/out models demonstrate a general pattern where the effects of several extralegal factors (i.e., race, ethnicity, age, sex, and detention) are reduced, and in some cases fully moderated, by offenders’ educational attainment. This pattern, however, is not apparent during the sentence length decision.

Journal

Crime & DelinquencySAGE

Published: Feb 1, 2017

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