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Tendon Transfer Fixation in the Foot and Ankle: A Biomechanical Study

Tendon Transfer Fixation in the Foot and Ankle: A Biomechanical Study Background: Tendon transfers are often used in foot and ankle surgery. Different fixation devices and techniques have been described. The most recently developed ones are bone anchors and interference screws. Materials and Methods: A biomechanical study was designed to compare tendon transfer fixation, using Corkscrew bone anchors 5 × 15.5 mm and Biointerference screws (8 × 23 mm). Fifteen fresh cadaver specimens underwent both fixation techniques for split anterior tibial tendon transfer at the cuboid bone. All the specimens underwent standardized X-rays in order to evaluate mineral bone density using a standardized measurement system. All were tested until maximal load to failure. Results: The ultimate load to failure of the tendon secured to the cuboid using anchors was 103 N (SD, 52), compared with 150 N (SD, 68) for tendons secured to the bone with interference screws (p = 0.003). No difference was found between the techniques that could be related to bone density. Conclusion: Interference screws provided greater strength than bone anchors. Clinical Relevance: This study demonstrated increased strength in securing bone to tendon in vitro for SPLATT tendon transfer with interference screws as compared to suture anchors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Foot & Ankle International SAGE

Tendon Transfer Fixation in the Foot and Ankle: A Biomechanical Study

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References (14)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© 2009 American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society
ISSN
1071-1007
eISSN
1944-7876
DOI
10.3113/FAI.2009.1207
pmid
20003881
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background: Tendon transfers are often used in foot and ankle surgery. Different fixation devices and techniques have been described. The most recently developed ones are bone anchors and interference screws. Materials and Methods: A biomechanical study was designed to compare tendon transfer fixation, using Corkscrew bone anchors 5 × 15.5 mm and Biointerference screws (8 × 23 mm). Fifteen fresh cadaver specimens underwent both fixation techniques for split anterior tibial tendon transfer at the cuboid bone. All the specimens underwent standardized X-rays in order to evaluate mineral bone density using a standardized measurement system. All were tested until maximal load to failure. Results: The ultimate load to failure of the tendon secured to the cuboid using anchors was 103 N (SD, 52), compared with 150 N (SD, 68) for tendons secured to the bone with interference screws (p = 0.003). No difference was found between the techniques that could be related to bone density. Conclusion: Interference screws provided greater strength than bone anchors. Clinical Relevance: This study demonstrated increased strength in securing bone to tendon in vitro for SPLATT tendon transfer with interference screws as compared to suture anchors.

Journal

Foot & Ankle InternationalSAGE

Published: Dec 1, 2009

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