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Three-Grade Classification of Photoplethysmography for Evaluating the Effects of Treatment in Raynaud Phenomenon

Three-Grade Classification of Photoplethysmography for Evaluating the Effects of Treatment in... We assessed the utility of a 3-grade classification of photoplethysmography (PPG) with cold water provocation test in Raynaud phenomenon (RP). A total of 35 patients with RP and 38 healthy volunteers were recruited. In healthy volunteers, PPG was measured twice at intervals of 30 minutes for evaluating reproducibility of test. Percentage variation of the PPG amplitude in post- versus precold provocation was expressed on a 3-grade scale at 1, 3, and 5 minutes (reflection index: RI) in patients with RP. The improvement pattern of the PPG (IPPPG) was evaluated by summing the score differences from RI1 min to RI3 min and RI5 min. After a therapeutic period of 8 weeks with nifedipine, the decreases in posttherapeutic RI3 min and RI5 min were statistically significant (P < .05). Subgroup analysis of IPPPG showed statistical significance in patients with negative fluorescent antinuclear antibody (P < .05). The analysis of cold-provoked PPG waves demonstrated and quantified improvements in peripheral arterial circulation in RP. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Angiology SAGE

Three-Grade Classification of Photoplethysmography for Evaluating the Effects of Treatment in Raynaud Phenomenon

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References (27)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2012
ISSN
0003-3197
eISSN
1940-1574
DOI
10.1177/0003319712461930
pmid
23052723
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

We assessed the utility of a 3-grade classification of photoplethysmography (PPG) with cold water provocation test in Raynaud phenomenon (RP). A total of 35 patients with RP and 38 healthy volunteers were recruited. In healthy volunteers, PPG was measured twice at intervals of 30 minutes for evaluating reproducibility of test. Percentage variation of the PPG amplitude in post- versus precold provocation was expressed on a 3-grade scale at 1, 3, and 5 minutes (reflection index: RI) in patients with RP. The improvement pattern of the PPG (IPPPG) was evaluated by summing the score differences from RI1 min to RI3 min and RI5 min. After a therapeutic period of 8 weeks with nifedipine, the decreases in posttherapeutic RI3 min and RI5 min were statistically significant (P < .05). Subgroup analysis of IPPPG showed statistical significance in patients with negative fluorescent antinuclear antibody (P < .05). The analysis of cold-provoked PPG waves demonstrated and quantified improvements in peripheral arterial circulation in RP.

Journal

AngiologySAGE

Published: Nov 1, 2013

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