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Using Evidence: A Nursing Assessment Protocol for Acute Geropsychiatric Patients

Using Evidence: A Nursing Assessment Protocol for Acute Geropsychiatric Patients Introduction:The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that approximately 20% of the United States population lives with at least one mental health issue. The most common mental illnesses affecting older Americans include anxiety, cognitive, and mood disorders. These patients may exhibit behaviors indicating agitation or anxiety during necessary hospital stays that warrant de-escalation techniques and appropriate medications to help manage emergent symptoms.Aims:This quality improvement intervention was intended to demonstrate enhancement of the nursing assessment and reassessment of patients demonstrating symptoms of agitation and anxiety requiring intervention.Methods:Assessment of the established nursing practice demonstrated compromised patient safety and led to planning and implementation of a new practice standard that incorporated an evidence-based tool. Nurses utilized a protocol that employed the Pittsburgh Agitation Scale to augment documentation of the nursing assessment for patients exhibiting symptoms of marked anxiety and agitation.Results:Following a 3-month trial, chart audits were completed to assess results of the protocol’s implementation. Significant improvement was noted in the nursing assessment process as evidenced in required documentation of nursing assessment and reassessment including use of the protocol.Conclusions:Implementing standards to guide nursing care can support both patient safety and professional practice. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association SAGE

Using Evidence: A Nursing Assessment Protocol for Acute Geropsychiatric Patients

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References (29)

Publisher
SAGE
Copyright
© The Author(s) 2020
ISSN
1078-3903
eISSN
1532-5725
DOI
10.1177/1078390320970646
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Introduction:The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that approximately 20% of the United States population lives with at least one mental health issue. The most common mental illnesses affecting older Americans include anxiety, cognitive, and mood disorders. These patients may exhibit behaviors indicating agitation or anxiety during necessary hospital stays that warrant de-escalation techniques and appropriate medications to help manage emergent symptoms.Aims:This quality improvement intervention was intended to demonstrate enhancement of the nursing assessment and reassessment of patients demonstrating symptoms of agitation and anxiety requiring intervention.Methods:Assessment of the established nursing practice demonstrated compromised patient safety and led to planning and implementation of a new practice standard that incorporated an evidence-based tool. Nurses utilized a protocol that employed the Pittsburgh Agitation Scale to augment documentation of the nursing assessment for patients exhibiting symptoms of marked anxiety and agitation.Results:Following a 3-month trial, chart audits were completed to assess results of the protocol’s implementation. Significant improvement was noted in the nursing assessment process as evidenced in required documentation of nursing assessment and reassessment including use of the protocol.Conclusions:Implementing standards to guide nursing care can support both patient safety and professional practice.

Journal

Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses AssociationSAGE

Published: Sep 1, 2022

Keywords: anxiety; agitation; nursing assessment; evidence-based; geropsychiatric; protocol

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