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Local control after palliative external beam radiotherapy for bone metastases in patients with favorable prognosis

Local control after palliative external beam radiotherapy for bone metastases in patients with... Advancement in systemic therapy has increased the importance of local control (LC) of bone metastatic sites treated with radiotherapy in intermediate‑term survivors (surviving ≥1 year). To establish individualized radiotherapy for bone metastases, factors affecting LC of bone metastases treated with traditional fractionated moderate dose palliative radiotherapy (FMRT) in intermediate‑term survivors were evaluated. Between January 2010 and December 2019, 317 lesions in 240 patients treated with FMRT for bone metastases surviving for at least 1 year and followed‑up with CT for at least 6 months were reviewed retrospectively. The median survival and radiographic follow‑up times were 24 months (range, 12‑123 months) and 20 months (range, 1‑119 months), respectively. The median FMRT dose [biologically effective dose (BED)10] was 39.0 Gy (range, 28.0‑71.7 Gy). Multivariate analysis revealed that age (≥70 years), non‑vertebral bone metastasis, bone metastasis from moderate and unfavorable primary tumor sites (esophageal, colorectal, hepatobiliary/pancreatic, kidney/ureter and sarcoma/melanoma cancers), and no administration of post‑FMRT bone‑modifying agents (BMAs) were unfavorable factors for LC of bone metastasis. The 2‑year LC rates for FMRT doses (BED10) ≤39.0 Gy and >39.0 Gy were 90 and 87%, respectively. The 2‑year LC rates of patients administered and not administered post‑FMRT antineoplastic agents (ATs) were 91 and 78%, respectively. The sites of bone metastasis and primary tumors, and post‑FMRT BMAs were factors associated with LC of bone metastasis in long‑term survivors. However, a FMRT dose (BED10) ≥39.0 Gy and post‑FMRT ATs were not significant factors. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Molecular and Clinical Oncology Spandidos Publications

Local control after palliative external beam radiotherapy for bone metastases in patients with favorable prognosis

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Publisher
Spandidos Publications
Copyright
Copyright \xC2\xA9 2022 Spandidos Publications
ISSN
2049-9450

Abstract

Advancement in systemic therapy has increased the importance of local control (LC) of bone metastatic sites treated with radiotherapy in intermediate‑term survivors (surviving ≥1 year). To establish individualized radiotherapy for bone metastases, factors affecting LC of bone metastases treated with traditional fractionated moderate dose palliative radiotherapy (FMRT) in intermediate‑term survivors were evaluated. Between January 2010 and December 2019, 317 lesions in 240 patients treated with FMRT for bone metastases surviving for at least 1 year and followed‑up with CT for at least 6 months were reviewed retrospectively. The median survival and radiographic follow‑up times were 24 months (range, 12‑123 months) and 20 months (range, 1‑119 months), respectively. The median FMRT dose [biologically effective dose (BED)10] was 39.0 Gy (range, 28.0‑71.7 Gy). Multivariate analysis revealed that age (≥70 years), non‑vertebral bone metastasis, bone metastasis from moderate and unfavorable primary tumor sites (esophageal, colorectal, hepatobiliary/pancreatic, kidney/ureter and sarcoma/melanoma cancers), and no administration of post‑FMRT bone‑modifying agents (BMAs) were unfavorable factors for LC of bone metastasis. The 2‑year LC rates for FMRT doses (BED10) ≤39.0 Gy and >39.0 Gy were 90 and 87%, respectively. The 2‑year LC rates of patients administered and not administered post‑FMRT antineoplastic agents (ATs) were 91 and 78%, respectively. The sites of bone metastasis and primary tumors, and post‑FMRT BMAs were factors associated with LC of bone metastasis in long‑term survivors. However, a FMRT dose (BED10) ≥39.0 Gy and post‑FMRT ATs were not significant factors.

Journal

Molecular and Clinical OncologySpandidos Publications

Published: Nov 6, 2022

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