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Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices Architectures, Design, Modeling and Optimization

Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices Architectures, Design, Modeling and Optimization Electromagnetic vibration transducers are seen as an effective way of harvesting ambient energy for the supply of sensor monitoring systems. Different electromagnetic coupling architectures have been employed but no comprehensive comparison with respect to their output performance has been carried out up to now. Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices introduces an optimization approach which is applied to determine optimal dimensions of the components (magnet, coil and back iron). Eight different commonly applied coupling architectures are investigated. The results show that correct dimensions are of great significance for maximizing the efficiency of the energy conversion. A comparison yields the architectures with the best output performance capability which should be preferably employed in applications. A prototype development is used to demonstrate how the optimization calculations can be integrated into the design–flow. Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices targets the designer of electromagnetic vibration transducers who wishes to have a greater in-depth understanding for maximizing the output performance. ; This book examines eight different commonly applied coupling architectures for electromagnetic vibration transducers used to harvest ambient energy for the supply of sensor monitoring systems. It identifies the architectures with the best output performance. ; List Of Figures. List Of Tables. Nomenclature. Acknowledgements. 1 Introduction. 1.1 Background And Motivation Of Vibration Energy Harvesting. 1.2 Literature Review And “State Of The Art” In Electromagnetic Vibration Transducers. 1.3 Conclusions From The Literature Review. 1.4 Thesis Objectives. 2 Basic Analytical Tools For The Design Of Resonant Vibration Transducers. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Mechanical Subsystem. 2.3 Electromagnetic Subsystem. 2.4 Overall System. 2.5 Characterization And Handling Of Machinery Induced Vibration. 2.6 Conclusions From Analytical Analyses. 3 Power And Voltage Optimization Approach. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Investigated Electromagnetic Coupling Architectures. 3.3 Boundary Conditions. 3.4 Magnetic Field Distribution Of Cylindrical And Rectangular Permanent Magnets. 3.5 Optimization Procedure. 3.6 Architecture Specific Calculation Of The Transduction Factor. 4 Optimization Results And Comparison. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 “Magnet In–Line Coil” Architectures. 4.3 “Magnet Across Coil” Architectures. 4.4 Conclusion And Comparison Of The Coupling Architectures. 5 Experimental Verification Of The Simulation Models. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 “Magnet In–Line Coil” Architecture. 5.3 “Magnet Across Coil” Architecture. 5.4 Conclusions. 6 Coil Topology Optimization For Transducers Based On Cylindrical Magnets. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Formulation Strategy. 6.3 Results Of The Topology Optimization. 7 Application Oriented Design Of A Prototype Vibration Transducer. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Basis For The Development. 7.3 Optimization Of The Prototype Electromagnetic Coupling Architecture. 7.4 Resonator Design. 7.5 Prototype Assembling And Performance. 7.6 Conclusions. 8 Conclusions. 8.1 Overview Of Main Findings. 8.2 Suggestions For Further Work. Appendix A. Appendix B. Appendix C. Appendix D. Preliminary Investigations. Non–resonant vibration transducer. Low frequency tunable transducer. Bibliography. ; Dirk Spreemann received the Dipl.-Ing. (FH) degree in Physical engineering from the University of Applied Sciences Ravensburg-Weingarten, in 2005. His diploma thesis focused on miniaturized electromagnetic vibration transducers. Beside the resonant vibration conversion he established one of the first non-resonant conversion mechanisms. While studying Microsystems engineering at the University of Freiburg he worked as a research engineer in the “Energy autonomous systems” group at the Institute of Micromachining and Information Technology HSG-IMIT in Villingen-Schwenningen. In this position he gained considerable experience in developing customized vibration transducers for industrial applications. His research interests lie in the area of micro power generation with a special focus on electromagnetic vibration conversion. In 2011 he received the Dr.-Ing. degree from the University of Freiburg. Yiannos Manoli holds the Fritz Huettinger Chair of Microelectronics at the Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Germany. Since 2005 he additionally serves as director of the applied research “Institute of Micromachining and Information Technology” of the “Hahn-Schickard Gesellschaft” (HSG-IMIT). His research interests are the design of low-voltage and low-power mixed-signal systems with over 300 papers published in these areas. The emphasis lies in Analog-to-Digital converters as well as in energy harvesting and sensor read-out CMOS circuits. Additional research activities concentrate on motion and vibration energy transducers and on inertial sensors. Prof. Manoli received Best Paper Awards from ESSCIRC 2010 and 1988, MWSCAS 2007, MSE 2007, and PowerMEMS 2006. For his creative and effective contributions to the teaching of microelectronics and the design of a web-based animation and visualization of analog circuits (Spicy VOLTsim, www.imtek.de/svs) he received various awards including the Excellence in Teaching Award of the University of Freiburg and the Teaching Award of the State of Baden-Württemberg, both in 2010. Professor Manoli is a Distinguished Lecturer of the IEEE. He is on the Senior Editorial Board of the IEEE “Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems” and on the Editorial Board of the “Journal of Low Power Electronics”. He served as guest editor of the “Transactions on VLSI” in 2002 and the “Journal of Solid-State Circuits” in 2011. Professor Manoli has served on the committees of a number of conferences such as ISSCC, ESSCIRC, IEDM and ICCD, and was Program Chair (2001) and General Chair (2002) of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design (ICCD). He holds a B.A. degree (summa cum laude) in Physics and Mathematics, a M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley and the Dr.-Ing. Degree in Electrical Engineering from the Gerhard Mercator University in Duisburg, Germany. ; Electromagnetic vibration transducers are seen as an effective way of harvesting ambient energy for the supply of sensor monitoring systems. Different electromagnetic coupling architectures have been employed but no comprehensive comparison with respect to their output performance has been carried out up to now. Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices introduces an optimization approach which is applied to determine optimal dimensions of the components (magnet, coil and back iron). Eight different commonly applied coupling architectures are investigated. The results show that correct dimensions are of great significance for maximizing the efficiency of the energy conversion. A comparison yields the architectures with the best output performance capability which should be preferably employed in applications. A prototype development is used to demonstrate how the optimization calculations can be integrated into the design–flow. Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices targets the designer of electromagnetic vibration transducers who wishes to have a greater in-depth understanding for maximizing the output performance. ; Comprehensive comparative study with detailed optimization calculations Provides a guideline to the designer of electromagnetic vibration transducers from the application point of view First book which focusses on the advantages of Vibration Energy Harvesting ; NL http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices Architectures, Design, Modeling and Optimization

211 pages

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References (8)

Publisher
Springer Netherlands
Copyright
Copyright © Springer Basel AG
DOI
10.1007/978-94-007-2944-5
Publisher site
See Book on Publisher Site

Abstract

Electromagnetic vibration transducers are seen as an effective way of harvesting ambient energy for the supply of sensor monitoring systems. Different electromagnetic coupling architectures have been employed but no comprehensive comparison with respect to their output performance has been carried out up to now. Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices introduces an optimization approach which is applied to determine optimal dimensions of the components (magnet, coil and back iron). Eight different commonly applied coupling architectures are investigated. The results show that correct dimensions are of great significance for maximizing the efficiency of the energy conversion. A comparison yields the architectures with the best output performance capability which should be preferably employed in applications. A prototype development is used to demonstrate how the optimization calculations can be integrated into the design–flow. Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices targets the designer of electromagnetic vibration transducers who wishes to have a greater in-depth understanding for maximizing the output performance. ; This book examines eight different commonly applied coupling architectures for electromagnetic vibration transducers used to harvest ambient energy for the supply of sensor monitoring systems. It identifies the architectures with the best output performance. ; List Of Figures. List Of Tables. Nomenclature. Acknowledgements. 1 Introduction. 1.1 Background And Motivation Of Vibration Energy Harvesting. 1.2 Literature Review And “State Of The Art” In Electromagnetic Vibration Transducers. 1.3 Conclusions From The Literature Review. 1.4 Thesis Objectives. 2 Basic Analytical Tools For The Design Of Resonant Vibration Transducers. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Mechanical Subsystem. 2.3 Electromagnetic Subsystem. 2.4 Overall System. 2.5 Characterization And Handling Of Machinery Induced Vibration. 2.6 Conclusions From Analytical Analyses. 3 Power And Voltage Optimization Approach. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Investigated Electromagnetic Coupling Architectures. 3.3 Boundary Conditions. 3.4 Magnetic Field Distribution Of Cylindrical And Rectangular Permanent Magnets. 3.5 Optimization Procedure. 3.6 Architecture Specific Calculation Of The Transduction Factor. 4 Optimization Results And Comparison. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 “Magnet In–Line Coil” Architectures. 4.3 “Magnet Across Coil” Architectures. 4.4 Conclusion And Comparison Of The Coupling Architectures. 5 Experimental Verification Of The Simulation Models. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 “Magnet In–Line Coil” Architecture. 5.3 “Magnet Across Coil” Architecture. 5.4 Conclusions. 6 Coil Topology Optimization For Transducers Based On Cylindrical Magnets. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Formulation Strategy. 6.3 Results Of The Topology Optimization. 7 Application Oriented Design Of A Prototype Vibration Transducer. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Basis For The Development. 7.3 Optimization Of The Prototype Electromagnetic Coupling Architecture. 7.4 Resonator Design. 7.5 Prototype Assembling And Performance. 7.6 Conclusions. 8 Conclusions. 8.1 Overview Of Main Findings. 8.2 Suggestions For Further Work. Appendix A. Appendix B. Appendix C. Appendix D. Preliminary Investigations. Non–resonant vibration transducer. Low frequency tunable transducer. Bibliography. ; Dirk Spreemann received the Dipl.-Ing. (FH) degree in Physical engineering from the University of Applied Sciences Ravensburg-Weingarten, in 2005. His diploma thesis focused on miniaturized electromagnetic vibration transducers. Beside the resonant vibration conversion he established one of the first non-resonant conversion mechanisms. While studying Microsystems engineering at the University of Freiburg he worked as a research engineer in the “Energy autonomous systems” group at the Institute of Micromachining and Information Technology HSG-IMIT in Villingen-Schwenningen. In this position he gained considerable experience in developing customized vibration transducers for industrial applications. His research interests lie in the area of micro power generation with a special focus on electromagnetic vibration conversion. In 2011 he received the Dr.-Ing. degree from the University of Freiburg. Yiannos Manoli holds the Fritz Huettinger Chair of Microelectronics at the Department of Microsystems Engineering (IMTEK), University of Freiburg, Germany. Since 2005 he additionally serves as director of the applied research “Institute of Micromachining and Information Technology” of the “Hahn-Schickard Gesellschaft” (HSG-IMIT). His research interests are the design of low-voltage and low-power mixed-signal systems with over 300 papers published in these areas. The emphasis lies in Analog-to-Digital converters as well as in energy harvesting and sensor read-out CMOS circuits. Additional research activities concentrate on motion and vibration energy transducers and on inertial sensors. Prof. Manoli received Best Paper Awards from ESSCIRC 2010 and 1988, MWSCAS 2007, MSE 2007, and PowerMEMS 2006. For his creative and effective contributions to the teaching of microelectronics and the design of a web-based animation and visualization of analog circuits (Spicy VOLTsim, www.imtek.de/svs) he received various awards including the Excellence in Teaching Award of the University of Freiburg and the Teaching Award of the State of Baden-Württemberg, both in 2010. Professor Manoli is a Distinguished Lecturer of the IEEE. He is on the Senior Editorial Board of the IEEE “Journal on Emerging and Selected Topics in Circuits and Systems” and on the Editorial Board of the “Journal of Low Power Electronics”. He served as guest editor of the “Transactions on VLSI” in 2002 and the “Journal of Solid-State Circuits” in 2011. Professor Manoli has served on the committees of a number of conferences such as ISSCC, ESSCIRC, IEDM and ICCD, and was Program Chair (2001) and General Chair (2002) of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Design (ICCD). He holds a B.A. degree (summa cum laude) in Physics and Mathematics, a M.S. degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science from the University of California, Berkeley and the Dr.-Ing. Degree in Electrical Engineering from the Gerhard Mercator University in Duisburg, Germany. ; Electromagnetic vibration transducers are seen as an effective way of harvesting ambient energy for the supply of sensor monitoring systems. Different electromagnetic coupling architectures have been employed but no comprehensive comparison with respect to their output performance has been carried out up to now. Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices introduces an optimization approach which is applied to determine optimal dimensions of the components (magnet, coil and back iron). Eight different commonly applied coupling architectures are investigated. The results show that correct dimensions are of great significance for maximizing the efficiency of the energy conversion. A comparison yields the architectures with the best output performance capability which should be preferably employed in applications. A prototype development is used to demonstrate how the optimization calculations can be integrated into the design–flow. Electromagnetic Vibration Energy Harvesting Devices targets the designer of electromagnetic vibration transducers who wishes to have a greater in-depth understanding for maximizing the output performance. ; Comprehensive comparative study with detailed optimization calculations Provides a guideline to the designer of electromagnetic vibration transducers from the application point of view First book which focusses on the advantages of Vibration Energy Harvesting ; NL

Published: Feb 15, 2012

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