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A Companion to Wittgenstein on EducationLearning Politics by Means of Examples

A Companion to Wittgenstein on Education: Learning Politics by Means of Examples [My aim is to explain Wittgenstein’s remarks on the epistemologyEpistemology of giving examplesExamples and to consider how this ramifies in the study of politicsPolitics. In parts of The Blue and Brown Books (Preliminary Notebooks)Blue and Brown Books (Preliminary Notebooks) and throughout Philosophical InvestigationsPhilosophical Investigations, one of Wittgenstein’s central epistemological claims is that learningLearning takes place by means of comparing examples, and by practicePractice, rather than by essential definitions or formal abstractable rulesRules. Comparing examplesExamples is not an inferior method of explanation, because we have nothing better. Rather, there is nothing deeper than the examplesExamples. So he says, “let the use teach you the meaningMeaning”. To illustrate how this approach has been mobilized in the study of politicsPolitics, I will consider the writingsWriting of James Tully’sTully, James “aspectivalAspectival” political scienceScience. Tully agrees with Wittgenstein’s refutation of generality and his appreciation for particular cases. He agrees that we learn by practicePractice, and by comparing examplesExamples in dialogue, not rules. Likewise, Tully gives examples, not theories or rulesRules, to explain and to stimulate diversity awareness. These similarities are readily apparent in Strange Multiplicity, and with a sculpture called The Spirit of Haida Gwaii. The artwork is an objectObject of persuasion: to invite negotiation, stimulate diversity awareness, and encourage transformative reconciliationReconciliation.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

A Companion to Wittgenstein on EducationLearning Politics by Means of Examples

Editors: Peters, Michael A.; Stickney, Jeff

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Publisher
Springer Singapore
Copyright
© Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd. 2017
ISBN
978-981-10-3134-2
Pages
287 –303
DOI
10.1007/978-981-10-3136-6_19
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[My aim is to explain Wittgenstein’s remarks on the epistemologyEpistemology of giving examplesExamples and to consider how this ramifies in the study of politicsPolitics. In parts of The Blue and Brown Books (Preliminary Notebooks)Blue and Brown Books (Preliminary Notebooks) and throughout Philosophical InvestigationsPhilosophical Investigations, one of Wittgenstein’s central epistemological claims is that learningLearning takes place by means of comparing examples, and by practicePractice, rather than by essential definitions or formal abstractable rulesRules. Comparing examplesExamples is not an inferior method of explanation, because we have nothing better. Rather, there is nothing deeper than the examplesExamples. So he says, “let the use teach you the meaningMeaning”. To illustrate how this approach has been mobilized in the study of politicsPolitics, I will consider the writingsWriting of James Tully’sTully, James “aspectivalAspectival” political scienceScience. Tully agrees with Wittgenstein’s refutation of generality and his appreciation for particular cases. He agrees that we learn by practicePractice, and by comparing examplesExamples in dialogue, not rules. Likewise, Tully gives examples, not theories or rulesRules, to explain and to stimulate diversity awareness. These similarities are readily apparent in Strange Multiplicity, and with a sculpture called The Spirit of Haida Gwaii. The artwork is an objectObject of persuasion: to invite negotiation, stimulate diversity awareness, and encourage transformative reconciliationReconciliation.]

Published: May 4, 2017

Keywords: Examples; Dialogical comparison; Epistemology; Aspectival; Reconciliation

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