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A high incidence and coexistence of multiresistance genes cfr and optrA among linezolid-resistant enterococci isolated from a teaching hospital in Wenzhou, China

A high incidence and coexistence of multiresistance genes cfr and optrA among linezolid-resistant... Linezolid is considered as a last-resort antimicrobial agent, the resistance of which is of great concern. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms and transferability of linezolid resistance and molecular epidemiology of linezolid-resistant enterococcal isolates in Wenzhou, China. A collection of 1623 enterococcal strains, including 789 Enterococcus faecalis and 834 Enterococcus faecium, were isolated from our hospital during 2011–2016. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and clinical data analysis were performed. Molecular mechanisms of linezolid resistance, including the existence of resistance genes cfr and optrA, as well as the mutations in 23S rRNA and ribosomal proteins L3, L4, and L22, were investigated by PCR and sequencing. Conjugation experiments were conducted, and epidemiological characteristics were analyzed by PFGE and MLST. In our study, 31 (3.93%) E. faecalis and 2 (0.24%) E. faecium exhibited resistance to linezolid. Risk factors correlated with linezolid-resistant enterococcal infections included gastrointestinal surgery hospitalization, urogenital disorders, tumor, diabetes, and polymicrobial infections. Among these isolates, 6 (18.18%) harbored cfr, 9 (27.27%) harbored optrA, and 18 (54.55%) co-harbored cfr and optrA. However, mutational mechanisms were not found in this study. Conjugation experiments demonstrated the transferability of cfr and optrA between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The clone of these isolates was diverse and scattered. It is noteworthy that cfr and optrA were the main mechanisms of linezolid resistance in this study, posing a potential risk of spread of linezolid resistance. Strikingly, it reported firstly that the two transferable resistance genes cfr and optrA coexisted in the same E. faecalis isolates. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png European Journal of Clinical Microbiology Infectious Diseases Springer Journals

A high incidence and coexistence of multiresistance genes cfr and optrA among linezolid-resistant enterococci isolated from a teaching hospital in Wenzhou, China

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References (40)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Biomedicine; Medical Microbiology; Internal Medicine
ISSN
0934-9723
eISSN
1435-4373
DOI
10.1007/s10096-018-3269-8
pmid
29909468
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Linezolid is considered as a last-resort antimicrobial agent, the resistance of which is of great concern. The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms and transferability of linezolid resistance and molecular epidemiology of linezolid-resistant enterococcal isolates in Wenzhou, China. A collection of 1623 enterococcal strains, including 789 Enterococcus faecalis and 834 Enterococcus faecium, were isolated from our hospital during 2011–2016. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing and clinical data analysis were performed. Molecular mechanisms of linezolid resistance, including the existence of resistance genes cfr and optrA, as well as the mutations in 23S rRNA and ribosomal proteins L3, L4, and L22, were investigated by PCR and sequencing. Conjugation experiments were conducted, and epidemiological characteristics were analyzed by PFGE and MLST. In our study, 31 (3.93%) E. faecalis and 2 (0.24%) E. faecium exhibited resistance to linezolid. Risk factors correlated with linezolid-resistant enterococcal infections included gastrointestinal surgery hospitalization, urogenital disorders, tumor, diabetes, and polymicrobial infections. Among these isolates, 6 (18.18%) harbored cfr, 9 (27.27%) harbored optrA, and 18 (54.55%) co-harbored cfr and optrA. However, mutational mechanisms were not found in this study. Conjugation experiments demonstrated the transferability of cfr and optrA between Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The clone of these isolates was diverse and scattered. It is noteworthy that cfr and optrA were the main mechanisms of linezolid resistance in this study, posing a potential risk of spread of linezolid resistance. Strikingly, it reported firstly that the two transferable resistance genes cfr and optrA coexisted in the same E. faecalis isolates.

Journal

European Journal of Clinical Microbiology Infectious DiseasesSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 16, 2018

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