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Christina Gathmann (2004)The Effects of Enforcement on Illegal Markets: Evidence from Migrant Smuggling Along the Southwestern Border
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FEDERAL RESERVE BANK OF DALLASSelf-Selection Among Undocumented Immigrants from Mexico
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(2005)This assumption may be justified given the fact that 57 percent of all undocumented foreign-born individuals in 2002 were Mexican
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Available upon request
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See Hanson  for a detailed discussion of the success of illegal immigration enforcement
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We model illegal immigration across the US-Mexico border into Arizona, California, and Texas as an unobservable variable applying a Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes model. Using state-level data from 1985 to 2004, we test the incentives and deterrents influencing illegal immigration. Better labor market conditions in a US state and worse in Mexico encourage illegal immigration while more intense border enforcement deters it. Estimating the state-specific inflow of illegal Mexican immigrants we find that the 1994/95 peso crisis in Mexico led to significant increases in illegal immigration. US border enforcement policies in the 1990s provided temporary relief while post-9/11 re-enforcement has reduced illegal immigration.
Eastern Economic Journal – Springer Journals
Published: May 6, 2013
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