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Developmentally regulated expression of ectonucleotidases NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 and UDP-responsive P2Y receptors in the rat cochlea

Developmentally regulated expression of ectonucleotidases NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 and... Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (E-NTPDases) regulate complex extracellular P2 receptor signalling pathways in mammalian tissues by hydrolysing extracellular nucleotides to the respective nucleosides. All enzymes from this family (NTPDase1-8) are expressed in the adult rat cochlea. This study reports the changes in expression of NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 in the developing rat cochlea. These two intracellular members of the E-NTPDase family can be released in a soluble form and show preference for nucleoside 5′-diphosphates, such as UDP and GDP. Here, we demonstrate differential spatial and temporal patterns for NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 expression during cochlear development, which are indicative of both cytosolic and extracellular action via pyrimidines. NTPDase5 is noted during the early postnatal period in developing sensory hair cells and supporting Deiters’ cells of the organ of Corti, and primary auditory neurons located in the spiral ganglion. In contrast, NTPDase6 is confined to the embryonic and early postnatal hair cell bundles. NTPDase6 immunolocalisation in the developing cochlea underpins its putative role in hair cell bundle development, probably via cytosolic action, whilst NTPDase5 may have a broader extracellular role in the development of sensory and neural tissues in the rat cochlea. Both NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 colocalize with UDP-preferring P2Y 4 , P2Y 6 and P2Y 14 receptors during cochlear development, but this strong association was lost in the adult cochlea. Spatiotemporal topographic expression of NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 and P2Y receptors in adult and developing cochlear tissues provide strong support for the role of pyrimidinergic signalling in cochlear development. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Histochemistry and Cell Biology Springer Journals

Developmentally regulated expression of ectonucleotidases NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 and UDP-responsive P2Y receptors in the rat cochlea

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References (61)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Medicine/Public Health, general ; Anatomy
ISSN
0948-6143
eISSN
1432-119X
DOI
10.1007/s00418-010-0682-1
pmid
20217113
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolases (E-NTPDases) regulate complex extracellular P2 receptor signalling pathways in mammalian tissues by hydrolysing extracellular nucleotides to the respective nucleosides. All enzymes from this family (NTPDase1-8) are expressed in the adult rat cochlea. This study reports the changes in expression of NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 in the developing rat cochlea. These two intracellular members of the E-NTPDase family can be released in a soluble form and show preference for nucleoside 5′-diphosphates, such as UDP and GDP. Here, we demonstrate differential spatial and temporal patterns for NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 expression during cochlear development, which are indicative of both cytosolic and extracellular action via pyrimidines. NTPDase5 is noted during the early postnatal period in developing sensory hair cells and supporting Deiters’ cells of the organ of Corti, and primary auditory neurons located in the spiral ganglion. In contrast, NTPDase6 is confined to the embryonic and early postnatal hair cell bundles. NTPDase6 immunolocalisation in the developing cochlea underpins its putative role in hair cell bundle development, probably via cytosolic action, whilst NTPDase5 may have a broader extracellular role in the development of sensory and neural tissues in the rat cochlea. Both NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 colocalize with UDP-preferring P2Y 4 , P2Y 6 and P2Y 14 receptors during cochlear development, but this strong association was lost in the adult cochlea. Spatiotemporal topographic expression of NTPDase5 and NTPDase6 and P2Y receptors in adult and developing cochlear tissues provide strong support for the role of pyrimidinergic signalling in cochlear development.

Journal

Histochemistry and Cell BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Apr 1, 2010

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