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Dynamic sequential extraction procedure using a four-channel circulating flow system for extracting Hg from soil samples

Dynamic sequential extraction procedure using a four-channel circulating flow system for... Mercury (Hg) is harmful to the human body. Its physical properties and toxicity differ greatly depending on its chemical form. The quantification of soluble Hg in soils or sediments is crucial for preventing further environmental contamination by Hg sources such as products, processes, and storage. In this study, the risk of leachable Hg that release from soil to the hydrosphere was evaluated by the sequential extraction procedure (SEP), a speciation method of a targeted element based on the solubility of its various compounds. The SEP, which consists of a four-channel circulating flow system (FCFS), was developed to reduce the time and amount of liquid required for SEP of leachable Hg in the Bloom method, which is a conventional SEP for Hg in a solid sample. The SEP with FCFS was optimized by considering the impact of extractant volume, circulation extraction time, and flushing of the extraction line. In the three-step (Fraction 1–3) sequential extraction of leachable Hg in soil samples, the optimized SEP with FCFS required 45 mL of extractant and 2.5 h, while the common batch SEP required 75 mL of extractant and 49 h. Furthermore, the combination of the SEP with FCFS for the leachable forms (Fraction 1–3) and the batch method for the insoluble forms (Fraction 4–5) was applied to the five-step SEP of Hg from CRM-JSAC0403. The sum of Hg concentrations that were classified into five fractions was in good agreement with that obtained from the batch method for all extraction, indicating that there are no significant differences in the concentrations extracted from the four channels.Graphical abstract[graphic not available: see fulltext] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Analytical Sciences Springer Journals

Dynamic sequential extraction procedure using a four-channel circulating flow system for extracting Hg from soil samples

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), under exclusive licence to The Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry 2023. Springer Nature or its licensor (e.g. a society or other partner) holds exclusive rights to this article under a publishing agreement with the author(s) or other rightsholder(s); author self-archiving of the accepted manuscript version of this article is solely governed by the terms of such publishing agreement and applicable law.
ISSN
0910-6340
eISSN
1348-2246
DOI
10.1007/s44211-023-00313-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Mercury (Hg) is harmful to the human body. Its physical properties and toxicity differ greatly depending on its chemical form. The quantification of soluble Hg in soils or sediments is crucial for preventing further environmental contamination by Hg sources such as products, processes, and storage. In this study, the risk of leachable Hg that release from soil to the hydrosphere was evaluated by the sequential extraction procedure (SEP), a speciation method of a targeted element based on the solubility of its various compounds. The SEP, which consists of a four-channel circulating flow system (FCFS), was developed to reduce the time and amount of liquid required for SEP of leachable Hg in the Bloom method, which is a conventional SEP for Hg in a solid sample. The SEP with FCFS was optimized by considering the impact of extractant volume, circulation extraction time, and flushing of the extraction line. In the three-step (Fraction 1–3) sequential extraction of leachable Hg in soil samples, the optimized SEP with FCFS required 45 mL of extractant and 2.5 h, while the common batch SEP required 75 mL of extractant and 49 h. Furthermore, the combination of the SEP with FCFS for the leachable forms (Fraction 1–3) and the batch method for the insoluble forms (Fraction 4–5) was applied to the five-step SEP of Hg from CRM-JSAC0403. The sum of Hg concentrations that were classified into five fractions was in good agreement with that obtained from the batch method for all extraction, indicating that there are no significant differences in the concentrations extracted from the four channels.Graphical abstract[graphic not available: see fulltext]

Journal

Analytical SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: May 1, 2023

Keywords: Mercury; Sequential extraction procedure; Circulation; Soil

References