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Effects of manganese deficiency on the microstructure of proximal tibia and OPG/RANKL gene expression in chicks

Effects of manganese deficiency on the microstructure of proximal tibia and OPG/RANKL gene... Manganese (Mn) deficiency can result in perosis in chicks, but the mechanism of Mn deficiency on tibia development remains poorly understood. Ninety one-day-old Arbor Acres male broiler chickens administered with control diet (60 mg Mn/kg) and Mn-deficient diets (40 mg Mn/kg, 8.7 mg Mn/kg) to investigate the effects of Mn deficiency on morphology of tibia and related signal transduction pathways in broiler chickens. At the age of 42 days, the bone trabecula, damaged osteoblasts and OPG/RANKL mRNA expression levels were investigated by histological assessment, electron microscopic examination and real-time quantitative PCR analysis, respectively. Results of histological observations showed that decreased trabecular thickness, trabecular number and trabecular bone area (%) together with increased trabecular bone separation were involved in perosis induced by Mn deficiency. The most striking ultrastructural modifications involved disruption of nuclear membrane and mitochondria outer membrane, loss of mitochondrion cristae and alteration in endoplasmic reticulum in osteoblasts of the Mn-deficient groups. Likewise, Mn deficiency results in a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in the relative mRNA expression levels of OPG and RANKL with a significantly higher RANKL/OPG ratio (P < 0.05). In conclusion, Mn deficiency can affect the development of tibia in broiler chickens, leading to metaphyseal osteoporosis which may be due to decreased OPG/RANKL mRNA expression. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Veterinary Research Communications Springer Journals

Effects of manganese deficiency on the microstructure of proximal tibia and OPG/RANKL gene expression in chicks

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References (33)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 by Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Subject
Life Sciences; Zoology; Veterinary Medicine
ISSN
0165-7380
eISSN
1573-7446
DOI
10.1007/s11259-015-9626-5
pmid
25634035
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Manganese (Mn) deficiency can result in perosis in chicks, but the mechanism of Mn deficiency on tibia development remains poorly understood. Ninety one-day-old Arbor Acres male broiler chickens administered with control diet (60 mg Mn/kg) and Mn-deficient diets (40 mg Mn/kg, 8.7 mg Mn/kg) to investigate the effects of Mn deficiency on morphology of tibia and related signal transduction pathways in broiler chickens. At the age of 42 days, the bone trabecula, damaged osteoblasts and OPG/RANKL mRNA expression levels were investigated by histological assessment, electron microscopic examination and real-time quantitative PCR analysis, respectively. Results of histological observations showed that decreased trabecular thickness, trabecular number and trabecular bone area (%) together with increased trabecular bone separation were involved in perosis induced by Mn deficiency. The most striking ultrastructural modifications involved disruption of nuclear membrane and mitochondria outer membrane, loss of mitochondrion cristae and alteration in endoplasmic reticulum in osteoblasts of the Mn-deficient groups. Likewise, Mn deficiency results in a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in the relative mRNA expression levels of OPG and RANKL with a significantly higher RANKL/OPG ratio (P < 0.05). In conclusion, Mn deficiency can affect the development of tibia in broiler chickens, leading to metaphyseal osteoporosis which may be due to decreased OPG/RANKL mRNA expression.

Journal

Veterinary Research CommunicationsSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 30, 2015

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