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Empirically Engaged Evolutionary EthicsThe Contingency of the Cultural Evolution of Morality, Debunking, and Theism vs. Naturalism

Empirically Engaged Evolutionary Ethics: The Contingency of the Cultural Evolution of Morality,... [Is the cultural evolution of morality fairly contingent? Could cultural evolution have easily led humans to moral norms and judgments that are mostly false by our present lights? If so, does it matter philosophically? Yes, or so we argue. We empirically motivate the contingency of cultural evolution and show that it makes two major philosophical contributions. First, it shows that moral objectivists cannot explain the reliability of our moral judgments and thus strengthens moral debunking arguments. Second, it shows that the reliability of our moral judgments is evidence for theism over metaphysical naturalism.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Empirically Engaged Evolutionary EthicsThe Contingency of the Cultural Evolution of Morality, Debunking, and Theism vs. Naturalism

Part of the Synthese Library Book Series (volume 437)
Editors: De Smedt, Johan; De Cruz, Helen

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2021
ISBN
978-3-030-68801-1
Pages
179 –201
DOI
10.1007/978-3-030-68802-8_9
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[Is the cultural evolution of morality fairly contingent? Could cultural evolution have easily led humans to moral norms and judgments that are mostly false by our present lights? If so, does it matter philosophically? Yes, or so we argue. We empirically motivate the contingency of cultural evolution and show that it makes two major philosophical contributions. First, it shows that moral objectivists cannot explain the reliability of our moral judgments and thus strengthens moral debunking arguments. Second, it shows that the reliability of our moral judgments is evidence for theism over metaphysical naturalism.]

Published: May 5, 2021

Keywords: Historical contingency Historical contingency; Cultural evolution Cultural evolution; Evolution of morality Evolution of morality; Evolutionary debunking arguments Evolutionary Debunking Arguments; Theism Theism; Naturalism Naturalism; Moral epistemology Moral epistemology; Moral objectivism Moral objectivism; Moral realism Moral realism; Cultural group selection Cultural group selection; Innate biases Innate biases; Moral norms Moral norms

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