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Epidemiologic Studies in Cancer Prevention and ScreeningPrevention of Cancers Due to Infection

Epidemiologic Studies in Cancer Prevention and Screening: Prevention of Cancers Due to Infection [Several infectious agents have been identified as causes of human cancer in the last 30 years. Among the cancers due to infection, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) caused by chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, stomach cancer attributed to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, and cancer of uterine cervix induced by human papilloma virus (HPV) are the most prevalent in the world. Multiple preventive measures have been developed against these three cancers; there are vaccines against HBV and HPV type 16 and 18, antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B and C patients, H. pylori eradication by antibiotics, and cervical cytologic screening to prevent invasive cervical cancer, although these effective measures are often tempered by socioeconomic issues in many countries. In addition, accumulated epidemiological evidence has indicated that some behavioral changes in these infected individuals, such as smoking cessation, alcohol abstinence (in patients with chronic hepatitis B and C), and reduction of salt intake (in H. pylori carriers), can reduce the corresponding cancer risks.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Epidemiologic Studies in Cancer Prevention and ScreeningPrevention of Cancers Due to Infection

Part of the Statistics for Biology and Health Book Series (volume 79)
Editors: Miller, Anthony B.

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Publisher
Springer New York
Copyright
© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013
ISBN
978-1-4614-5585-1
Pages
65 –83
DOI
10.1007/978-1-4614-5586-8_5
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[Several infectious agents have been identified as causes of human cancer in the last 30 years. Among the cancers due to infection, hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) caused by chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, stomach cancer attributed to Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection, and cancer of uterine cervix induced by human papilloma virus (HPV) are the most prevalent in the world. Multiple preventive measures have been developed against these three cancers; there are vaccines against HBV and HPV type 16 and 18, antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B and C patients, H. pylori eradication by antibiotics, and cervical cytologic screening to prevent invasive cervical cancer, although these effective measures are often tempered by socioeconomic issues in many countries. In addition, accumulated epidemiological evidence has indicated that some behavioral changes in these infected individuals, such as smoking cessation, alcohol abstinence (in patients with chronic hepatitis B and C), and reduction of salt intake (in H. pylori carriers), can reduce the corresponding cancer risks.]

Published: Oct 11, 2012

Keywords: Pylorus Infection; Atrophic Gastritis; HBeAg Seroconversion; Sustained Viral Response

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