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Evaluating and improving power in whole-genome association studies using fixed marker sets

Evaluating and improving power in whole-genome association studies using fixed marker sets Emerging technologies make it possible for the first time to genotype hundreds of thousands of SNPs simultaneously, enabling whole-genome association studies. Using empirical genotype data from the International HapMap Project, we evaluate the extent to which the sets of SNPs contained on three whole-genome genotyping arrays capture common SNPs across the genome, and we find that the majority of common SNPs are well captured by these products either directly or through linkage disequilibrium. We explore analytical strategies that use HapMap data to improve power of association studies conducted with these fixed sets of markers and show that limited inclusion of specific haplotype tests in association analysis can increase the fraction of common variants captured by 25–100%. Finally, we introduce a Bayesian approach to association analysis by weighting the likelihood of each statistical test to reflect the number of putative causal alleles to which it is correlated. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Nature Genetics Springer Journals

Evaluating and improving power in whole-genome association studies using fixed marker sets

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References (33)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2006 by Nature Publishing Group
Subject
Biomedicine; Biomedicine, general; Human Genetics; Cancer Research; Agriculture; Gene Function; Animal Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
1061-4036
eISSN
1546-1718
DOI
10.1038/ng1816
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Emerging technologies make it possible for the first time to genotype hundreds of thousands of SNPs simultaneously, enabling whole-genome association studies. Using empirical genotype data from the International HapMap Project, we evaluate the extent to which the sets of SNPs contained on three whole-genome genotyping arrays capture common SNPs across the genome, and we find that the majority of common SNPs are well captured by these products either directly or through linkage disequilibrium. We explore analytical strategies that use HapMap data to improve power of association studies conducted with these fixed sets of markers and show that limited inclusion of specific haplotype tests in association analysis can increase the fraction of common variants captured by 25–100%. Finally, we introduce a Bayesian approach to association analysis by weighting the likelihood of each statistical test to reflect the number of putative causal alleles to which it is correlated.

Journal

Nature GeneticsSpringer Journals

Published: May 21, 2006

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