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Purpose Muscle atrophy and strength decline are two of the vant therapy increased lower-limb muscular strength (mean: most prominent characteristics in cancer patients undergoing 26.22 kg, 95% CI [16.01, 36.43], heterogeneity: P =<0.01, cancer therapy, leading to decreased functional ability and I =76%, P = 0.00001) when compared to controls over time. reduced quality of life. Therefore, the aim is to systematically Similarly, lean body mass (LBM) increased (mean 0.8 kg, review research evidence of the effects of resistance exercise 95% CI [0.7, 0.9], heterogeneity: P =0.99, I =0%, (RE) on lower-limb muscular strength, lean body mass P < 0.00001), and decreased body fat (BF) (mean: −1.3 kg, (LBM), and body fat (BF) in cancer patients undertaking neo- 95% CI [−1.5, 1.1], heterogeneity: P = 0.93, I =0%, adjuvant or adjuvant therapy. P < 0.00001) compared to controls over time. Methods This research was conducted using the following Conclusion RE is effective to increase lower-limb muscular online database: Clinical Trial Register, Cochrane Trial strength, increase LBM, and decrease BF in cancer patients Register, PubMed, SPORT Discus, and SciELO, from undergoing neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapy regardless of September 2014 until May 2015. We used the following key- the kind of
Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 4, 2017
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