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Evaluation of spatial variations in groundwater quality by WQI and GIS technique: a case study of Virudunagar District, Tamil Nadu, India

Evaluation of spatial variations in groundwater quality by WQI and GIS technique: a case study of... Groundwater plays a major life support to mankind. It is the major source to meet the domestic, irrigation and industrial water demands. The depletion of groundwater through excessive consumption and less recharge in the study area has detoriated the quality of groundwater. The present study has analyzed the pre- and post-monsoon physicochemical data of groundwater samples from 49 different bore wells in Virudunagar district. Spatial distribution maps were prepared for various physicochemical parameters using geographic information system. These maps are further classified according to highest desirable, maximum permissible and not permissible prescribed by the World Health Organization. Furthermore, a water quality index (WQI) map was also generated to understand the groundwater quality in the study area. It was observed that the groundwater in the area is hard and alkaline in nature and the WQI reveals that most part of the study area fall under fair water quality class. Also, the effect of recharge during monsoon period has diluted the geochemistry of the groundwater. The application of GIS and WQI in the study area is a promising tool to understand the spatial pattern of groundwater quality and its management. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Arabian Journal of Geosciences Springer Journals

Evaluation of spatial variations in groundwater quality by WQI and GIS technique: a case study of Virudunagar District, Tamil Nadu, India

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References (34)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2011 by Saudi Society for Geosciences
Subject
Earth Sciences; Earth Sciences, general
ISSN
1866-7511
eISSN
1866-7538
DOI
10.1007/s12517-011-0496-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Groundwater plays a major life support to mankind. It is the major source to meet the domestic, irrigation and industrial water demands. The depletion of groundwater through excessive consumption and less recharge in the study area has detoriated the quality of groundwater. The present study has analyzed the pre- and post-monsoon physicochemical data of groundwater samples from 49 different bore wells in Virudunagar district. Spatial distribution maps were prepared for various physicochemical parameters using geographic information system. These maps are further classified according to highest desirable, maximum permissible and not permissible prescribed by the World Health Organization. Furthermore, a water quality index (WQI) map was also generated to understand the groundwater quality in the study area. It was observed that the groundwater in the area is hard and alkaline in nature and the WQI reveals that most part of the study area fall under fair water quality class. Also, the effect of recharge during monsoon period has diluted the geochemistry of the groundwater. The application of GIS and WQI in the study area is a promising tool to understand the spatial pattern of groundwater quality and its management.

Journal

Arabian Journal of GeosciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Dec 14, 2011

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