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Inhibition of metabolic cooperation in vitro and enhancement of enzyme altered foci incidence in rat liver by the pyrethroid insecticide fenvalerate

Inhibition of metabolic cooperation in vitro and enhancement of enzyme altered foci incidence in... The synthetic pyrethroids cypermethrin, deltamethrin, fenvalerate, permethrin, and the fenvalerate metabolite p-chlorophenylisovaleric acid were investigated for inhibition of gap-junctional intercellular communication in vitro in the Chinese hamster lung fibroblast (V79) metabolic cooperation assay. Fenvalerate was furthermore studied for enhancement of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-positive enzyme altered foci incidence in partially hepatectomized, nitrosodiethylamine-initiated male Sprague Dawley rats. The in vitro studies showed that fenvalerate and p-chlorophenylisovaleric acid were inhibitors of intercellular communication at non-cytotoxic concentrations while cypermethrin, deltamethrin, and permethrin were inactive. In the in vivo study in rat liver, fenvalerate administered p.o. (75 mg/kg/day) 5 days a week for 10 weeks induced significantly more foci per cm3 and a larger percentage of liver tissue occupied by foci tissue compared to a vehicle control group. Analysis of size distributions of foci in fenvalerate- and vehicle-treated rats showed elevated foci incidences in fenvalerate-treated rats at all foci sizes. Fenvalerate induced no hepatotoxic effects as judged by plasma transaminase activities and histopathology. The results of this study suggest fenvalerate to be a potential tumour promoter. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Archives of Toxicology Springer Journals

Inhibition of metabolic cooperation in vitro and enhancement of enzyme altered foci incidence in rat liver by the pyrethroid insecticide fenvalerate

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References (56)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1988 by Springer-Verlag
Subject
Biomedicine; Pharmacology/Toxicology; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine; Environmental Health; Biomedicine, general
ISSN
0340-5761
eISSN
1432-0738
DOI
10.1007/BF00316637
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The synthetic pyrethroids cypermethrin, deltamethrin, fenvalerate, permethrin, and the fenvalerate metabolite p-chlorophenylisovaleric acid were investigated for inhibition of gap-junctional intercellular communication in vitro in the Chinese hamster lung fibroblast (V79) metabolic cooperation assay. Fenvalerate was furthermore studied for enhancement of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase-positive enzyme altered foci incidence in partially hepatectomized, nitrosodiethylamine-initiated male Sprague Dawley rats. The in vitro studies showed that fenvalerate and p-chlorophenylisovaleric acid were inhibitors of intercellular communication at non-cytotoxic concentrations while cypermethrin, deltamethrin, and permethrin were inactive. In the in vivo study in rat liver, fenvalerate administered p.o. (75 mg/kg/day) 5 days a week for 10 weeks induced significantly more foci per cm3 and a larger percentage of liver tissue occupied by foci tissue compared to a vehicle control group. Analysis of size distributions of foci in fenvalerate- and vehicle-treated rats showed elevated foci incidences in fenvalerate-treated rats at all foci sizes. Fenvalerate induced no hepatotoxic effects as judged by plasma transaminase activities and histopathology. The results of this study suggest fenvalerate to be a potential tumour promoter.

Journal

Archives of ToxicologySpringer Journals

Published: Aug 25, 2004

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