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Iron and sulfur oxidation pathways of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans

Iron and sulfur oxidation pathways of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is a gram-negative, autotrophic and rod-shaped bacterium. It can gain energy through the oxidation of Fe(II) and reduced inorganic sulfur compounds for bacterial growth when oxygen is sufficient. It can be used for bio-leaching and bio-oxidation and contributes to the geobiochemical circulation of metal elements and nutrients in acid mine drainage environments. The iron and sulfur oxidation pathways of A. ferrooxidans play key roles in bacterial growth and survival under extreme circumstances. Here, the electrons transported through the thermodynamically favourable pathway for the reduction to H2O (downhill pathway) and against the redox potential gradient reduce to NAD(P)(H) (uphill pathway) during the oxidation of Fe(II) were reviewed, mainly including the electron transport carrier, relevant operon and regulation of its expression. Similar to the electron transfer pathway, the sulfur oxidation pathway of A. ferrooxidans, related genes and operons, sulfur oxidation mechanism and sulfur oxidase system are systematically discussed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Springer Journals

Iron and sulfur oxidation pathways of Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans

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References (134)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 by Springer Nature B.V.
Subject
Life Sciences; Microbiology; Biotechnology; Biochemistry, general; Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology; Applied Microbiology
ISSN
0959-3993
eISSN
1573-0972
DOI
10.1007/s11274-019-2632-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans is a gram-negative, autotrophic and rod-shaped bacterium. It can gain energy through the oxidation of Fe(II) and reduced inorganic sulfur compounds for bacterial growth when oxygen is sufficient. It can be used for bio-leaching and bio-oxidation and contributes to the geobiochemical circulation of metal elements and nutrients in acid mine drainage environments. The iron and sulfur oxidation pathways of A. ferrooxidans play key roles in bacterial growth and survival under extreme circumstances. Here, the electrons transported through the thermodynamically favourable pathway for the reduction to H2O (downhill pathway) and against the redox potential gradient reduce to NAD(P)(H) (uphill pathway) during the oxidation of Fe(II) were reviewed, mainly including the electron transport carrier, relevant operon and regulation of its expression. Similar to the electron transfer pathway, the sulfur oxidation pathway of A. ferrooxidans, related genes and operons, sulfur oxidation mechanism and sulfur oxidase system are systematically discussed.

Journal

World Journal of Microbiology and BiotechnologySpringer Journals

Published: Mar 27, 2019

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