Get 20M+ Full-Text Papers For Less Than $1.50/day. Start a 14-Day Trial for You or Your Team.

Learn More →

Lioz—a Royal Stone in Portugal and a Monumental Stone in Colonial Brazil

Lioz—a Royal Stone in Portugal and a Monumental Stone in Colonial Brazil Lioz is a Cretaceous, microcrystalline limestone which occurs in Portugal and outcrops in Lisbon and neighboring counties. The rock color is usually ivory and, less commonly, pink among others. Its fossiliferous content imprints a unique pattern to the rock, contributing to its decorative application. The rock has been used in Portugal as a good quality material for construction for a long period, from the sixteenth century to the present. Along the eighteenth century, its wide use in monuments and official buildings gave it the recognition as the “Royal Stone” in Portugal. Lisbon has the best display of lioz as a fundamental stone in several monuments of different ages, official buildings, and many churches. Among the latter, the Jesuit Church of São Roque is a special example, in which interior chapels expose a rich variety of inlays (embutidos), inspired on Italian churches. Not far from Lisbon, Mafra exhibits a monumental architectural set of three integrated constructions built in the eighteenth century by King D. João V using lioz limestone. Along the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the rock was carried to some Portuguese colonies, mainly as ballast of boats and used at the destinations as construction material. Salvador in Bahia, Brazil is the best example, where lioz is beautifully used in monuments and as true art in many churches of Portuguese and Italian influences. These facts make the Portuguese lioz as the most representative Heritage stone present in Portugal and its old colonies abroad. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Geoheritage Springer Journals

Lioz—a Royal Stone in Portugal and a Monumental Stone in Colonial Brazil

Geoheritage , Volume 11 (1) – Nov 20, 2017

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer-journals/lioz-a-royal-stone-in-portugal-and-a-monumental-stone-in-colonial-vPIIVg40Gr

References (22)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage
Subject
Earth Sciences; Historical Geology; Physical Geography; Biogeosciences; Paleontology; Landscape/Regional and Urban Planning; Mineralogy
ISSN
1867-2477
eISSN
1867-2485
DOI
10.1007/s12371-017-0267-7
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Lioz is a Cretaceous, microcrystalline limestone which occurs in Portugal and outcrops in Lisbon and neighboring counties. The rock color is usually ivory and, less commonly, pink among others. Its fossiliferous content imprints a unique pattern to the rock, contributing to its decorative application. The rock has been used in Portugal as a good quality material for construction for a long period, from the sixteenth century to the present. Along the eighteenth century, its wide use in monuments and official buildings gave it the recognition as the “Royal Stone” in Portugal. Lisbon has the best display of lioz as a fundamental stone in several monuments of different ages, official buildings, and many churches. Among the latter, the Jesuit Church of São Roque is a special example, in which interior chapels expose a rich variety of inlays (embutidos), inspired on Italian churches. Not far from Lisbon, Mafra exhibits a monumental architectural set of three integrated constructions built in the eighteenth century by King D. João V using lioz limestone. Along the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the rock was carried to some Portuguese colonies, mainly as ballast of boats and used at the destinations as construction material. Salvador in Bahia, Brazil is the best example, where lioz is beautifully used in monuments and as true art in many churches of Portuguese and Italian influences. These facts make the Portuguese lioz as the most representative Heritage stone present in Portugal and its old colonies abroad.

Journal

GeoheritageSpringer Journals

Published: Nov 20, 2017

There are no references for this article.