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Lymphoid disorders associated with HHV-8/KSHV infection: facts and contentions

Lymphoid disorders associated with HHV-8/KSHV infection: facts and contentions Following the demonstration in 1994, that Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) was associated with a novel virus (KSHV or HHV-8) belonging to the lymphotropic herpes family, this virus was also found in certain lymphoid neoplasias of immunodeficient (HIV+) and immune competent hosts. The association of HHV-8/KSHV infection is now well established with primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) or body cavity based lymphoma (BCBL) and multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) of the plasma cell type. A possible pathogenic role of HHV-8/KSHV in other lymphoid tumours including primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and multiple myeloma (MM) as well as some atypical lymphoproliferations and sarcoidosis has also been suggested, but this is at present a controversial matter, or not confirmed. SeveralHHV-8/KSHV genes, including potential oncogenes, genes homologous to various cellular genes and growth factors have been incriminated in the pathogenesis of KS and PEL/BCBL, but a common pathogenic mechanism for the clearly diverse proliferations represented by PEL, MCD and KS is at present not evident. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Medical Oncology Springer Journals

Lymphoid disorders associated with HHV-8/KSHV infection: facts and contentions

Medical Oncology , Volume 16 (1) – Dec 13, 2007

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References (50)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1999 by Stockton Press
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Oncology; Hematology; Pathology; Internal Medicine
ISSN
1357-0560
eISSN
1559-131X
DOI
10.1007/BF02787352
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Following the demonstration in 1994, that Kaposi's sarcoma (KS) was associated with a novel virus (KSHV or HHV-8) belonging to the lymphotropic herpes family, this virus was also found in certain lymphoid neoplasias of immunodeficient (HIV+) and immune competent hosts. The association of HHV-8/KSHV infection is now well established with primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) or body cavity based lymphoma (BCBL) and multicentric Castleman's disease (MCD) of the plasma cell type. A possible pathogenic role of HHV-8/KSHV in other lymphoid tumours including primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and multiple myeloma (MM) as well as some atypical lymphoproliferations and sarcoidosis has also been suggested, but this is at present a controversial matter, or not confirmed. SeveralHHV-8/KSHV genes, including potential oncogenes, genes homologous to various cellular genes and growth factors have been incriminated in the pathogenesis of KS and PEL/BCBL, but a common pathogenic mechanism for the clearly diverse proliferations represented by PEL, MCD and KS is at present not evident.

Journal

Medical OncologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 13, 2007

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