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Marijuana use and cancer incidence (California, United States)

Marijuana use and cancer incidence (California, United States) The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to examine therelationship of marijuana use to cancer incidence. The study populationconsisted of 64,855 examinees in the Kaiser Permanente multiphasic healthcheckup in San Francisco and Oakland (California, United States), between1979-85, aged 15 to 49 years, who completed self-ad-ministered questionnairesabout smoking habits, including marijuana use. Follow-up for cancer incidencewas conducted through 1993 (mean length 8.6 years). Compared withnonusers/experimenters (lifetime use of less than seven times), ever- andcurrent use of marijuana were not associated with increased risk of cancer ofall sites (relative risk [RR] = 0.9, 95 percent confidence interval [CI] =0.7-1.2 for ever-use in men; RR = 1.0, CI = 0.8-1.1 in women) in analysesadjusted for sociodemographic factors, cigarette smoking, and alcohol use.Marijuana use also was not associated with tobacco-related cancers or withcancer of the following sites: co lorectal, lung, melanoma, prostate, breast,cervix. Among nonsmokers of tobacco cigarettes, ever having used marijuanawas associated with increased risk of prostate cancer (RR = 3.1, CI =1.0-9.5) and nearly significantly increased risk of cervical cancer (RR =1.4, CI = 1.0-2.1). We conclude that, in this relatively young study cohort,marijuana use and cancer were not associated in overall analyses, but thatassociations in nonsmokers of tobacco cigarettes suggested that marijuana usemight affect certain site-specific cancer risks. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cancer Causes & Control Springer Journals

Marijuana use and cancer incidence (California, United States)

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References (30)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 1997 by Chapman and Hall
Subject
Biomedicine; Cancer Research; Biomedicine, general; Oncology; Public Health; Epidemiology; Hematology
ISSN
0957-5243
eISSN
1573-7225
DOI
10.1023/A:1018427320658
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to examine therelationship of marijuana use to cancer incidence. The study populationconsisted of 64,855 examinees in the Kaiser Permanente multiphasic healthcheckup in San Francisco and Oakland (California, United States), between1979-85, aged 15 to 49 years, who completed self-ad-ministered questionnairesabout smoking habits, including marijuana use. Follow-up for cancer incidencewas conducted through 1993 (mean length 8.6 years). Compared withnonusers/experimenters (lifetime use of less than seven times), ever- andcurrent use of marijuana were not associated with increased risk of cancer ofall sites (relative risk [RR] = 0.9, 95 percent confidence interval [CI] =0.7-1.2 for ever-use in men; RR = 1.0, CI = 0.8-1.1 in women) in analysesadjusted for sociodemographic factors, cigarette smoking, and alcohol use.Marijuana use also was not associated with tobacco-related cancers or withcancer of the following sites: co lorectal, lung, melanoma, prostate, breast,cervix. Among nonsmokers of tobacco cigarettes, ever having used marijuanawas associated with increased risk of prostate cancer (RR = 3.1, CI =1.0-9.5) and nearly significantly increased risk of cervical cancer (RR =1.4, CI = 1.0-2.1). We conclude that, in this relatively young study cohort,marijuana use and cancer were not associated in overall analyses, but thatassociations in nonsmokers of tobacco cigarettes suggested that marijuana usemight affect certain site-specific cancer risks.

Journal

Cancer Causes & ControlSpringer Journals

Published: Sep 19, 2004

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