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Nonunion of the Long BonesCompression-Distraction Systems

Nonunion of the Long Bones: Compression-Distraction Systems REDENTO MORA,BARBARA BERTANI,GABRIELLA TUVO,GIOVANNI BATTISTA GALLI Introduction There are a few basic elements of circular external fixation systems, as under- lined by Kalnberz [1]. They can be summed up as: bone fixation elements, rings which encircle the bone segment, rods connecting the rings, connecting elements between rods and rings, and connecting elements between rings and bone fixation elements. Many other elements can be added (Fig. 1). However, they differ in importance and number from system to system, and their effec- tiveness is often questionable. Fig. 1. The components of the original Ilizarov compression-distraction system 78 R. Mora, B. Bertani, G. Tuvo, G.B. Galli In the last few decades many different circular external fixation systems have been proposed, but only some of them have been successful and gained widespread recognition (thanks to their particular features and versatility), mainly, but not only, in Eastern Europe. A particularly detailed description of these systems goes beyond the scope of this chapter, but some aspects, particularly featuring a limited number of systems developed in the Soviet Union and in Western countries, will be dis- cussed. Each of them shows interesting features, even though their success has been very different. Ilizarov System The most well http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Nonunion of the Long BonesCompression-Distraction Systems

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References (9)

Publisher
Springer Milan
Copyright
© Springer-Verlag Italia 2006
ISBN
978-88-470-0408-5
Pages
77 –87
DOI
10.1007/88-470-0409-8_8
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

REDENTO MORA,BARBARA BERTANI,GABRIELLA TUVO,GIOVANNI BATTISTA GALLI Introduction There are a few basic elements of circular external fixation systems, as under- lined by Kalnberz [1]. They can be summed up as: bone fixation elements, rings which encircle the bone segment, rods connecting the rings, connecting elements between rods and rings, and connecting elements between rings and bone fixation elements. Many other elements can be added (Fig. 1). However, they differ in importance and number from system to system, and their effec- tiveness is often questionable. Fig. 1. The components of the original Ilizarov compression-distraction system 78 R. Mora, B. Bertani, G. Tuvo, G.B. Galli In the last few decades many different circular external fixation systems have been proposed, but only some of them have been successful and gained widespread recognition (thanks to their particular features and versatility), mainly, but not only, in Eastern Europe. A particularly detailed description of these systems goes beyond the scope of this chapter, but some aspects, particularly featuring a limited number of systems developed in the Soviet Union and in Western countries, will be dis- cussed. Each of them shows interesting features, even though their success has been very different. Ilizarov System The most well

Published: Jan 1, 2006

Keywords: External Fixation; Taylor Spatial Frame; Distal Tibial Fracture; Pilon Fracture; Interfragmentary Movement

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