Access the full text.
Sign up today, get DeepDyve free for 14 days.
M. C. Rodriguez, Y. Maeda (2006)
Meta-Analysis of coefficient alphaPsychological Methods, 11
J. M. F. Ten Berge, H. A. L. Kiers (1991)
A numerical approach to the exact and the approximate minimum rank of a covariance matrixPsychometrika, 56
P. W. Holland (1990)
On the sampling theory foundations of item response theory modelsPsychometrika, 55
A. Shapiro, J. M. F. Ten Berge (2000)
The asymptotic bias of minimum trace factor analysis, with applications to the greatest lower bound to reliabilityPsychometrika, 65
D. Borsboom (2006)
The attack of the psychometriciansPsychometrika, 71
S. P. Reise, N. G. Waller (1993)
Traitedness and the assessment of response pattern scalabilityJournal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65
M. R. Novick, C. Lewis (1967)
Coefficient alpha and the reliability of composite measurementsPsychometrika, 32
P. A. Bentler, J. A. Woodward (1980)
Inequalities among lower bounds to reliability: With applications to test construction and factor analysisPsychometrika, 45
N. Schmitt (1996)
Uses and abuses of coefficient alphaPsychological Assessment, 8
S. B. Green, R. W. Lissitz, S. A. Mulaik (1977)
Limitations of coefficient alpha as an index of test unidimensionalityEducational and Psychological Measurement, 37
J. M. F. Ten Berge, G. Sočan (2004)
The greatest lower bound to the reliability of a test and the hypothesis of unidimensionalityPsychometrika, 69
K. Hayashi, A. Kamata (2005)
A note on the estimator of the alpha coefficient for standardized variables under normalityPsychometrika, 70
(2008)
Published Online Date: 11 DEC
N. Verhelst (2000)
Estimating the Reliability of a Test from a Single Test Administration
J.M.F. Ten Berge, T.A.B. Snijders, F.E. Zegers (1981)
Computational aspects of the greatest lower bound to the reliability and constrained minimum trace factor analysisPsychometrika, 46
D. T. Campbell (1960)
Recommendations for APA tests regarding construct, trait or discriminant validityAmerican Psychologist, 15
( Ten Berge, J. M. F., & Kiers, H. A. L. (2003). The minimum rank factor analysis program MRFA (Internal report). Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. )
Ten Berge, J. M. F., & Kiers, H. A. L. (2003). The minimum rank factor analysis program MRFA (Internal report). Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.Ten Berge, J. M. F., & Kiers, H. A. L. (2003). The minimum rank factor analysis program MRFA (Internal report). Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. , Ten Berge, J. M. F., & Kiers, H. A. L. (2003). The minimum rank factor analysis program MRFA (Internal report). Department of Psychology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
Y. Takane, J. Leeuw (1987)
On the relationship between item response theory and factor analysis of discretized variablesPsychometrika, 52
L. J. Cronbach (1988)
Internal consistency of tests: Analyses old and newPsychometrika, 53
W. H. M. Emons, K. Sijtsma, R. R. Meijer (2007)
On the consistency of individual classification using short scalesPsychological Methods, 12
(2005)
Cronbach’s α, Revelle’s β, and McDonald’s ωH: their relations with each other and two alternative conceptualizations of reliabilityPsychometrika, 70
F. M. Lord (1960)
An empirical study of the normality and independence of errors of measurement in test scoresPsychometrika, 25
J. D. Watson, F. H. C. Crick (1953)
Molecular structure of nuclied acids—a structure for deoxyribose nucleid acidNature, 171
L. J. Cronbach (1951)
Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of testsPsychometrika, 16
D. Campbell (1960)
Recommendations for APA test standards regarding construct, trait, or discriminant validity.American Psychologist, 15
E. O. Kistner, K. E. Muller (2004)
Exact distributions of intraclass correlation and Cronbach’s alpha with Gaussian data and general covariancePsychometrika, 69
L. Guttman (1945)
A basis for analyzing test-retest reliabilityPsychometrika, 10
J. Watson, F. Crick (2004)
Molecular structure of nucleic acidsResonance, 9
G. F. Kuder, M. W. Richardson (1937)
The theory of estimation of test reliabilityPsychometrika, 2
B. Woodhouse, P. H. Jackson (1977)
Lower bounds for the reliability of the total score on a test composed of non-homogeneous items: II: A search procedure to locate the greatest lower boundPsychometrika, 42
D. Borsboom (2005)
Measuring the mind. Conceptual issues in contemporary psychometrics
J. L. Ellis, A. L. Wollenberg (1993)
Local homogeneity in latent trait models. A characterization of the homogeneous monotone IRT modelPsychometrica, 58
(2006)
SPSS 14.0 for Windows (computer software)
C. Hoyt (1941)
Test reliability estimated by analysis of variancePsychometrika, 6
J. Berge, H. Kiers (1991)
A numerical approach to the approximate and the exact minimum rank of a covariance matrixPsychometrika, 56
( Verhelst, N. D. (1998). Estimating the reliability of a test from a single test administration (Measurement and Research Department Report 98-2). Arnhem, The Netherlands, CITO National Institute for Educational Measurement. )
Verhelst, N. D. (1998). Estimating the reliability of a test from a single test administration (Measurement and Research Department Report 98-2). Arnhem, The Netherlands, CITO National Institute for Educational Measurement.Verhelst, N. D. (1998). Estimating the reliability of a test from a single test administration (Measurement and Research Department Report 98-2). Arnhem, The Netherlands, CITO National Institute for Educational Measurement. , Verhelst, N. D. (1998). Estimating the reliability of a test from a single test administration (Measurement and Research Department Report 98-2). Arnhem, The Netherlands, CITO National Institute for Educational Measurement.
(2003)
The minimum rank factor analysis program MRFA (Internal report)
I. E. Hooge, M. Zeelenberg, S. M. Breugelmans (2007)
Moral sentiments and cooperation: Differential influences of shame and guiltCognition and Emotion, 21
P. H. Jackson, C. C. Agunwamba (1977)
Lower bounds for the reliability of the total score on a test composed of non-homogeneous items: I: Algebraic lower boundsPsychometrika, 42
( Cavalini, P. M. (1992). It’s an ill wind that brings no good. Studies on odour annoyance and the dispersion of odorant concentrations from industries. Ph.D. thesis, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. )
Cavalini, P. M. (1992). It’s an ill wind that brings no good. Studies on odour annoyance and the dispersion of odorant concentrations from industries. Ph.D. thesis, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.Cavalini, P. M. (1992). It’s an ill wind that brings no good. Studies on odour annoyance and the dispersion of odorant concentrations from industries. Ph.D. thesis, University of Groningen, The Netherlands. , Cavalini, P. M. (1992). It’s an ill wind that brings no good. Studies on odour annoyance and the dispersion of odorant concentrations from industries. Ph.D. thesis, University of Groningen, The Netherlands.
T. Raykov (2001)
Bias of coefficient alpha for fixed congeneric measures with correlated errorsApplied Psychological Measurement, 25
A. Tellegen (1988)
The analysis of consistency in personality assessmentJournal of Personality, 56
( SPSS Inc. (2006). SPSS 14.0 for Windows (computer software). Chicago: Author. )
SPSS Inc. (2006). SPSS 14.0 for Windows (computer software). Chicago: Author.SPSS Inc. (2006). SPSS 14.0 for Windows (computer software). Chicago: Author. , SPSS Inc. (2006). SPSS 14.0 for Windows (computer software). Chicago: Author.
P. C. M. Molenaar (2004)
A manifesto on psychology as idiographic science: Bringing the person back into scientific psychology—This time foreverMeasurement, 2
J. M. Zyl, H. Neudecker, D. G. Nel (2000)
On the distribution of the maximum likelihood estimator of Cronbach’s alphaPsychometrika, 65
J. M. F. Ten Berge, F. E. Zegers (1978)
A series of lower bounds to the reliability of a testPsychometrika, 43
P. Cavalini (1992)
It's an ill wind that brings no good. Studies on odour annoyance and the dispersion of odorant concentrations from industries.
J. M. Cortina (1993)
What is coefficient alpha? An examination of theory and applicationsJournal of Applied Psychology, 78
M. R. Novick (1966)
The axioms and principal results of classical test theoryJournal of Mathematical Psychology, 3
F. M. Lord, M. R. Novick (1968)
Statistical theories of mental test scores
PSYCHOMETRIKA
L. S. Feldt, D. J. Woodruff, F. A. Salih (1987)
Statistical inference for coefficient alphaApplied Psychological Measurement, 11
R. E. Zinbarg, W. Revelle, I. Yovel, W. Li (2005)
Cronbach’s α, Revelle’s β, and McDonald’s ω H : their relations with each other and two alternative conceptualizations of reliabilityPsychometrika, 70
J. C. Nunnally (1978)
Psychometric theory
J. Nunnally (1978)
Psychometric Theory (2nd ed), New York: McGraw-Hill.
This discussion paper argues that both the use of Cronbach’s alpha as a reliability estimate and as a measure of internal consistency suffer from major problems. First, alpha always has a value, which cannot be equal to the test score’s reliability given the interitem covariance matrix and the usual assumptions about measurement error. Second, in practice, alpha is used more often as a measure of the test’s internal consistency than as an estimate of reliability. However, it can be shown easily that alpha is unrelated to the internal structure of the test. It is further discussed that statistics based on a single test administration do not convey much information about the accuracy of individuals’ test performance. The paper ends with a list of conclusions about the usefulness of alpha.
Psychometrika – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 11, 2008
Read and print from thousands of top scholarly journals.
Already have an account? Log in
Bookmark this article. You can see your Bookmarks on your DeepDyve Library.
To save an article, log in first, or sign up for a DeepDyve account if you don’t already have one.
Copy and paste the desired citation format or use the link below to download a file formatted for EndNote
Access the full text.
Sign up today, get DeepDyve free for 14 days.
All DeepDyve websites use cookies to improve your online experience. They were placed on your computer when you launched this website. You can change your cookie settings through your browser.