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Predictors of Functional Disability in Disability Welfare Claimants

Predictors of Functional Disability in Disability Welfare Claimants Background People unemployed and claiming welfare due to poor health are by definition functionally disabled. Understanding the factors associated with such disability is crucial in the development of biopsychosocial formulations and associated occupational rehabilitation. Method A cross-sectional design in a sample of claimants (n = 4,119) of health-related welfare, unemployed due to mental or physical health problems. Participants provided socio-demographic information and completed validated measures of psychological distress, self-efficacy and disability. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses then tested which psychological and socio-demographic factors were associated with disability. Results Despite equal rates of functional disability across health condition groups, differing variables were associated with disability for mental and physical health conditions. Psychological distress was the strongest predictor of disability across all health conditions. For physical conditions, lack of previous employment was the only additional variable associated with current disability and for mental health conditions age and self-efficacy were additional factors. Conclusion Results are discussed in terms of biopsychosocial formulations of health-related unemployment, the potential mechanisms by which psychological distress can influence disability, the methodological limitations of cross sectional regression analyses and the implications for condition-specific occupational rehabilitation. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation Springer Journals

Predictors of Functional Disability in Disability Welfare Claimants

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References (73)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2012 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Rehabilitation; Occupational Medicine/Industrial Medicine; Health Psychology; Clinical Psychology
ISSN
1053-0487
eISSN
1573-3688
DOI
10.1007/s10926-012-9368-y
pmid
22527875
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background People unemployed and claiming welfare due to poor health are by definition functionally disabled. Understanding the factors associated with such disability is crucial in the development of biopsychosocial formulations and associated occupational rehabilitation. Method A cross-sectional design in a sample of claimants (n = 4,119) of health-related welfare, unemployed due to mental or physical health problems. Participants provided socio-demographic information and completed validated measures of psychological distress, self-efficacy and disability. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses then tested which psychological and socio-demographic factors were associated with disability. Results Despite equal rates of functional disability across health condition groups, differing variables were associated with disability for mental and physical health conditions. Psychological distress was the strongest predictor of disability across all health conditions. For physical conditions, lack of previous employment was the only additional variable associated with current disability and for mental health conditions age and self-efficacy were additional factors. Conclusion Results are discussed in terms of biopsychosocial formulations of health-related unemployment, the potential mechanisms by which psychological distress can influence disability, the methodological limitations of cross sectional regression analyses and the implications for condition-specific occupational rehabilitation.

Journal

Journal of Occupational RehabilitationSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 24, 2012

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