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SummaryLongitudinal bone content data from puberty to adulthood was assessed in 102 healthy males and associations with arterial health in adulthood was analysed. Bone growth in puberty was related to arterial stiffening and final bone mineral content to decreased arterial stiffness. Relationships with arterial stiffness were dependent on the studied bone regions.IntroductionOur aim was to assess the relationships between arterial parameters in adulthood and bone parameters in several locations longitudinally from puberty to 18-years and cross-sectionally at 18-years.Methods102 healthy male data from a 7-year follow—up study was used to analyse total body (TB), femoral neck (FN) and lumbar spine (LS) mineral content and density by DXA, carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) by ultrasound, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV) and heart rate adjusted augmentation index (AIxHR75) by applanation tonometry.ResultsLinear regression analysis revealed negative associations between LS bone mineral density (BMD) and cfPWV [ß=-1.861, CI -3.589, -0.132, p=0.035] which remained significant [ß=-2.679, CI -4.837, -0.522, p=0.016] after adjustment to smoking, lean mass, weight category, pubertal stage, physical fitness, and activity. For AIxHR75 similar results were present [ß=-0.286, CI -0.553, -0.020, p=0.035], but were dependent on confounders. Analysis on pubertal bone growth speed showed independent positive associations to AIxHR75 between Δ FN bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) [ß=672.50, CI 348.07, 996.93, p<0.001] and Δ LS BMAD [ß=700.40, CI 57.384, 1343.423, p=0.033]. Further analysis combining pubertal bone growth and adulthood BMC revealed that the relationships of AIxHR75 with LS BMC and ΔFN BMAD were independent of each other.ConclusionTrabecular bone regions like lumbar spine and femoral neck, showed stronger relationships with arterial stiffness. Rapid bone growth in puberty is related to arterial stiffening, while final bone mineral content relates to decreased arterial stiffness. These results could indicate that bone metabolism is independently associated with arterial stiffness rather than bone and arteries just having common traits of growth and maturation.
Archives of Osteoporosis – Springer Journals
Published: May 3, 2023
Keywords: ARTERIAL STIFFNESS; BONE GROWTH; BMC; ADOLESCENCE
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