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Reflections on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear AccidentLong-Term Energy and Environmental Strategies

Reflections on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident: Long-Term Energy and Environmental Strategies [This chapter investigates long-term energy and environmental strategies, employing a regionally disaggregated Dynamic New Earth 21 model (called DNE21) which allows us to derive a normative future image of energy systems through the comprehensive incorporation of forecasted future technologies. This integrated energy system model, explicitly considering the availability of advanced nuclear technologies such as nuclear fuel cycle and fast breeder reactors which can improve the usage efficiency of natural uranium resources, employs computational tools to evaluate the optimal global energy mix compatible with low atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Simulation results in the model indicate that massive CO2 mitigation targets can be achieved with the large-scale deployment of innovative technology, highlighting roles for nuclear, renewables, efficient use of fossil fuel, and carbon capture and storage (CCS). The results support the simultaneous pursuit of multiple technologies, rather than focusing merely on realistic technological options based on current perceptions. However, the validity about the expected role of nuclear energy for the future should be critically evaluated in the new technical and political contexts that exist after the Fukushima nuclear accident.] http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Reflections on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear AccidentLong-Term Energy and Environmental Strategies

Editors: Ahn, Joonhong; Carson, Cathryn; Jensen, Mikael; Juraku, Kohta; Nagasaki, Shinya; Tanaka, Satoru

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References (2)

Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
© The Editor(s) (if applicable) and the Author(s) 2015
ISBN
978-3-319-12089-8
Pages
105 –115
DOI
10.1007/978-3-319-12090-4_5
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

[This chapter investigates long-term energy and environmental strategies, employing a regionally disaggregated Dynamic New Earth 21 model (called DNE21) which allows us to derive a normative future image of energy systems through the comprehensive incorporation of forecasted future technologies. This integrated energy system model, explicitly considering the availability of advanced nuclear technologies such as nuclear fuel cycle and fast breeder reactors which can improve the usage efficiency of natural uranium resources, employs computational tools to evaluate the optimal global energy mix compatible with low atmospheric CO2 concentrations. Simulation results in the model indicate that massive CO2 mitigation targets can be achieved with the large-scale deployment of innovative technology, highlighting roles for nuclear, renewables, efficient use of fossil fuel, and carbon capture and storage (CCS). The results support the simultaneous pursuit of multiple technologies, rather than focusing merely on realistic technological options based on current perceptions. However, the validity about the expected role of nuclear energy for the future should be critically evaluated in the new technical and political contexts that exist after the Fukushima nuclear accident.]

Published: Dec 2, 2014

Keywords: Energy model; Global energy mix; Nuclear fuel cycle

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