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Subterranean RodentsThe Biology and Ecology of Plateau Zokors (Eospalax fontanierii)

Subterranean Rodents: The Biology and Ecology of Plateau Zokors (Eospalax fontanierii) The Biology and Ecology of Plateau Zokors (Eospalax fontanierii) Yanming Zhang 17.1 Introduction The Tibetan plateau is located in the Southwest of the People’s Repub- lic of China (27°−40° N, 75°−105° E) with an average elevation of more than 4,000 m. It occupies 2.5 million km , approximately 25% of the area of China. An estimated 70% is high altitude grassland, and Tibetan pastoral- ism constitutes the primary use of this rangeland habitat (Xia 1988; Smith and Foggin 1999; Zhang Y et al. 2003). Daily temperature varies greatly from −15°C to 0°C in January and 0°C to 16°C in July, with an annual mean temperature < 0°C (Xia 1988). There is no frostless season and extensive areas of thick permafrost can be found even in August in mountains and grasslands (Smith et al. 1986). The major vegetation ecotypes are classified as alpine meadow, alpine shrub, alpine prairie and alpine steppe meadow (Xia 1988). Here, plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae), plateau voles (Micro- tus sp.), and plateau zokors (Eospalax fontanierii) are the most abundant small mammals. Plateau zokors belong to the rodent family Spalacidae (according to Nor- ris et al. 2004 to the subfamily Myospalacinae of the family Muridae) and are http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png

Subterranean RodentsThe Biology and Ecology of Plateau Zokors (Eospalax fontanierii)

Editors: Begall, Sabine; Burda, Hynek; Schleich, Cristian E.
Subterranean Rodents — Jan 1, 2007

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References (27)

Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2007
ISBN
978-3-540-69275-1
Pages
237 –249
DOI
10.1007/978-3-540-69276-8_17
Publisher site
See Chapter on Publisher Site

Abstract

The Biology and Ecology of Plateau Zokors (Eospalax fontanierii) Yanming Zhang 17.1 Introduction The Tibetan plateau is located in the Southwest of the People’s Repub- lic of China (27°−40° N, 75°−105° E) with an average elevation of more than 4,000 m. It occupies 2.5 million km , approximately 25% of the area of China. An estimated 70% is high altitude grassland, and Tibetan pastoral- ism constitutes the primary use of this rangeland habitat (Xia 1988; Smith and Foggin 1999; Zhang Y et al. 2003). Daily temperature varies greatly from −15°C to 0°C in January and 0°C to 16°C in July, with an annual mean temperature < 0°C (Xia 1988). There is no frostless season and extensive areas of thick permafrost can be found even in August in mountains and grasslands (Smith et al. 1986). The major vegetation ecotypes are classified as alpine meadow, alpine shrub, alpine prairie and alpine steppe meadow (Xia 1988). Here, plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae), plateau voles (Micro- tus sp.), and plateau zokors (Eospalax fontanierii) are the most abundant small mammals. Plateau zokors belong to the rodent family Spalacidae (according to Nor- ris et al. 2004 to the subfamily Myospalacinae of the family Muridae) and are

Published: Jan 1, 2007

Keywords: Tibetan Plateau; Basal Metabolic Rate; English Summary; Alpine Meadow; Burrow System

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