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The Role of Environmental Contamination in the Transmission of Nosocomial Pathogens and Healthcare-Associated Infections

The Role of Environmental Contamination in the Transmission of Nosocomial Pathogens and... Purpose of Review The aim of this review is to highlight the role of environmental contamination in healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and to discuss the most commonly implicated nosocomial pathogens. Recent Findings Recent studies suggest that environmental contamination plays a significant role in HAIs and in the unrecog- nized transmission of nosocomial pathogens during outbreaks, as well as ongoing sporadic transmission. Several pathogens can persist in the environment for extended periods and serve as vehicles of transmission and dissemination in the hospital setting. Cross-transmission of these pathogens can occur via hands of healthcare workers, who become contaminated directly from patient contact or indirectly by touching contaminated environmental surfaces. Less commonly, a patient could become colo- nized by direct contact with a contaminated environmental surface. Summary This review describes the role of environmental contamination in HAIs and provides context for reinforcing the importance of hand hygiene and environmental decontamination for the prevention and control of HAIs. . . . Keywords Hospital environment Environmental contamination Healthcare-associated infections Multi-drug resistant organisms Nosocomial pathogens Introduction environment for an extended period of time [2, 6–8]. The persistence of these microorganisms in the environment can Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are an important serve as a source of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Current Infectious Disease Reports Springer Journals

The Role of Environmental Contamination in the Transmission of Nosocomial Pathogens and Healthcare-Associated Infections

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References (108)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Infectious Diseases
ISSN
1523-3847
eISSN
1534-3146
DOI
10.1007/s11908-018-0620-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose of Review The aim of this review is to highlight the role of environmental contamination in healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) and to discuss the most commonly implicated nosocomial pathogens. Recent Findings Recent studies suggest that environmental contamination plays a significant role in HAIs and in the unrecog- nized transmission of nosocomial pathogens during outbreaks, as well as ongoing sporadic transmission. Several pathogens can persist in the environment for extended periods and serve as vehicles of transmission and dissemination in the hospital setting. Cross-transmission of these pathogens can occur via hands of healthcare workers, who become contaminated directly from patient contact or indirectly by touching contaminated environmental surfaces. Less commonly, a patient could become colo- nized by direct contact with a contaminated environmental surface. Summary This review describes the role of environmental contamination in HAIs and provides context for reinforcing the importance of hand hygiene and environmental decontamination for the prevention and control of HAIs. . . . Keywords Hospital environment Environmental contamination Healthcare-associated infections Multi-drug resistant organisms Nosocomial pathogens Introduction environment for an extended period of time [2, 6–8]. The persistence of these microorganisms in the environment can Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) are an important serve as a source of

Journal

Current Infectious Disease ReportsSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 27, 2018

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