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Thermal Model Correlation and Validation of a 6U Nanosatellite with Multiple Payloads

Thermal Model Correlation and Validation of a 6U Nanosatellite with Multiple Payloads Due to the miniaturization of satellite components and advantages of low costs and short periods of development, nanosatellites are rapidly being developed to operate a wide variety of missions beyond only education purposes, such as Earth observation, relay communication, scientific objective, and even space exploration. As the role of nanosatellite grew, the reliability of nanosat’s thermal subsystem is also becoming very important to successfully carry it out. However, there is rare to find a research on thermal design reliability validation of 6U nanosatellite with increasingly large, diverse, and complex missions. Since reliability of satellite thermal design can be evaluated by on-orbit thermal analysis with the thermal mathematical model, more accurate analysis results can be obtained through more accurate thermal model. In addition, the thermal model can be improved by process of model correlation. The process begins with conducting thermal vacuum test (TVT) and is a flow that reduces thermal uncertainties by comparing the test results with analytical results. Nanosatellite systems are thermally closely connected within a limited space, so that thermal design cannot proceed conclusively for each subsystem and module. Therefore, it should always be done from a system perspective when thermal model of nanosatellite with multiple payloads is correlated especially. In this paper, we introduced a 6U nanosatellite of SNIPE (Small scale magNetospheric and Ionospheric Plasma Experiment) Mission that developing from KARI (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) and KASI (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute) for the near-Earth space environment scientific missions. For the successful mission operation, we conducted TVT for simulating space thermal vacuum environment to verify thermal design of thermal control system in the worst case. In addition, thermal model correlation of SNIPE nanosatellite was conducted through the TVT results with not only system level but each component and module. Based on the updated thermal model via the model correlation, we performed on-orbit thermal analysis to demonstrate the validity of thermal model and thermal design of the system level. As a result, we have confirmed that all components of the SNIPE nanosat satisfy the allowable temperature limit, which has correlated the thermal model and validated the thermal design successfully. The performed process can be applied to 6U or bigger nanosatellite for the objectives of practical missions or technology demonstrations that need the validity of thermal design and improvement of thermal model through the test and analysis. Therefore, this study is expected to contribute to the successful performance of the more complex and sophisticated nanosatellite missions to be developed. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Aeronautical and Space Sciences Springer Journals

Thermal Model Correlation and Validation of a 6U Nanosatellite with Multiple Payloads

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References (13)

Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © The Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences 2021
ISSN
2093-274X
eISSN
2093-2480
DOI
10.1007/s42405-021-00409-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Due to the miniaturization of satellite components and advantages of low costs and short periods of development, nanosatellites are rapidly being developed to operate a wide variety of missions beyond only education purposes, such as Earth observation, relay communication, scientific objective, and even space exploration. As the role of nanosatellite grew, the reliability of nanosat’s thermal subsystem is also becoming very important to successfully carry it out. However, there is rare to find a research on thermal design reliability validation of 6U nanosatellite with increasingly large, diverse, and complex missions. Since reliability of satellite thermal design can be evaluated by on-orbit thermal analysis with the thermal mathematical model, more accurate analysis results can be obtained through more accurate thermal model. In addition, the thermal model can be improved by process of model correlation. The process begins with conducting thermal vacuum test (TVT) and is a flow that reduces thermal uncertainties by comparing the test results with analytical results. Nanosatellite systems are thermally closely connected within a limited space, so that thermal design cannot proceed conclusively for each subsystem and module. Therefore, it should always be done from a system perspective when thermal model of nanosatellite with multiple payloads is correlated especially. In this paper, we introduced a 6U nanosatellite of SNIPE (Small scale magNetospheric and Ionospheric Plasma Experiment) Mission that developing from KARI (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) and KASI (Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute) for the near-Earth space environment scientific missions. For the successful mission operation, we conducted TVT for simulating space thermal vacuum environment to verify thermal design of thermal control system in the worst case. In addition, thermal model correlation of SNIPE nanosatellite was conducted through the TVT results with not only system level but each component and module. Based on the updated thermal model via the model correlation, we performed on-orbit thermal analysis to demonstrate the validity of thermal model and thermal design of the system level. As a result, we have confirmed that all components of the SNIPE nanosat satisfy the allowable temperature limit, which has correlated the thermal model and validated the thermal design successfully. The performed process can be applied to 6U or bigger nanosatellite for the objectives of practical missions or technology demonstrations that need the validity of thermal design and improvement of thermal model through the test and analysis. Therefore, this study is expected to contribute to the successful performance of the more complex and sophisticated nanosatellite missions to be developed.

Journal

International Journal of Aeronautical and Space SciencesSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 1, 2022

Keywords: CubeSat; Nanosatellite; Space thermal environment; Thermal model correlation; Thermal Vacuum Test; Thermal Balancing Test; Thermal analysis

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